THE RIEMANN–HILBERT APPROACH TO OBTAIN CRITICAL ASYMPTOTICS FOR HAMILTONIAN PERTURBATIONS OF HYPERBOLIC AND ELLIPTIC SYSTEMS

TOM CLAEYS
2012 Random Matrices. Theory and Applications  
The present paper gives an overview of the recent developments in the description of critical behavior for Hamiltonian perturbations of hyperbolic and elliptic systems of partial differential equations. It was conjectured that this behavior can be described in terms of distinguished Painlevé transcendents, which are universal in the sense that they are, to some extent, independent of the equation and the initial data. We will consider several examples of well-known integrable equations that are
more » ... equations that are expected to show this type of Painlevé behavior near critical points. The Riemann-Hilbert method is a useful tool to obtain rigorous results for such equations. We will explain the main lines of this method and we will discuss the universality conjecture from a Riemann-Hilbert point of view.
doi:10.1142/s2010326311300026 fatcat:m3yv5x7debaxnnqd53ep3rq26a