YIPF5 Is Essential for Innate Immunity to DNA Virus and Facilitates COPII-Dependent STING Trafficking

Yong Ran, Mei-guang Xiong, Zhi-sheng Xu, Wei-wei Luo, Su-yun Wang, Yan-Yi Wang
2019 Journal of Immunology  
STING plays central roles in the innate immune response to pathogens that contain DNA. Sensing cytoplasmic DNA by cyclic GMP-AMP synthase produces cyclic GMP-AMP, which binds to and activates STING and induces STING translocation from the endoplasmic reticulum to the perinuclear microsome. However, this trafficking process has not been fully elucidated yet. In this study, we identified YIPF5 as a positive regulator of STING trafficking. YIPF5 is essential for DNA virus- or intracellular
more » ... gered production of type I IFNs. Consistently, knockdown of YIPF5 impairs cellular antiviral responses to DNA virus. Mechanistically, YIPF5 interacts with both STING and components of COPII, facilitating STING recruitment to COPII in the presence of cytoplasmic dsDNA. Furthermore, knockdown of components of COPII inhibits DNA virus-triggered production of type I IFNs, suggesting that COPII is involved in innate immune responses to DNA viruses. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that YIPF5 positively regulates STING-mediated innate immune responses by recruiting STING to COPII-coated vesicles and facilitating STING trafficking from the endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi, providing important insights into the molecular mechanisms of intracellular DNA-stimulated STING trafficking and activation.
doi:10.4049/jimmunol.1900387 pmid:31391232 fatcat:ak6h2feedzavbeaytnlrdhi4vi