"A pace not dictated by electrons"

Gloria Mark, Stephen Voida, Armand Cardello
2012 Proceedings of the 2012 ACM annual conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - CHI '12  
We report on an empirical study where we cut off email usage for five workdays for 13 information workers in an organization. We employed both quantitative measures such as computer log data and ethnographic methods to compare a baseline condition (normal email usage) with our experimental manipulation (email cutoff). Our results show that without email, people multitasked less and had a longer task focus, as measured by a lower frequency of shifting between windows and a longer duration of
more » ... ger duration of time spent working in each computer window. Further, we directly measured stress using wearable heart rate monitors and found that stress, as measured by heart rate variability, was lower without email. Interview data were consistent with our quantitative measures, as participants reported being able to focus more on their tasks. We discuss the implications for managing email better in organizations.
doi:10.1145/2207676.2207754 dblp:conf/chi/MarkVC12 fatcat:nugva2um7rfktbypojeno7ln2a