Media Globalization and Changes on the Professional Aspect of the Journalists

Sameeksha Singh
2021 IARJSET  
Globalization in its present form is a process, which has implications not only for social and cultural institutions of development countries but is also transforming the social fabric of developing countries like India. At the most general level, globalization refers to a process of change, wh ich affects all regions of the world in a variety of sectors of which the media is an important one. In fact, the rapid expansion of term and therefore the concept of present sort of globalization are
more » ... e possible only through the knowledge revolution throughout the planet. It has been widely known that media can play a considerable role in promoting and disseminating information. Globalization of media has not only transformed the ways of communication but it also has implications for the profession of journalism. In India journalism as a profession is in a transitional face as forms of media are transforming the required training and skills based on computer based information technology has been changed over a period of two decades. Thus, new communication technologies have great implications for the profession of journalism. The new parameter of competency and acquaintance with new gadgets is very much needed in various streams of journalism. New Media features a tendency to integrate different media forms at one platform. The information originated in one form of media flow through different paths in various media including social media and affects the contents and preferences of media professionals. The present paper focuses on above mentioned issues regarding the changes in media, its growth and the transformation of media practitioners in the era of globalization. IARJSET This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 368 GROWTH IN THE PROFESSION In recent decades, the information and communication revolution in India has been identified as the new pathway to national development. A phenomenal expansion of information and communication infrastructure with citizens' desire to access information, from every possible source, for furthering their socio-economic, political and developmentoriented initiatives, have paved the way for growth and development of journalism and mass communication as a subject of profession. Keeping pace with the profession, the educational standard of journalism and mass communication has also grown extensively. In India, the birth of journalism education dates back to 1941 in Punjab University (now in Lahore, Pakistan) and its shift just after seven years to New Delhi in 1948. Since then this profession has seen steady progress. Now, the education completed 60 years of its birth. During this period, the number of educational institutions providing journalism education has grown manifold in terms of quantity, quality and students enrolment. A gradual change from professional to academic-oriented and western pattern to Indian system in the education curriculum are some of the glorious symbols of achievements of the Indian journalism and communication education. Presently, about 100 journalism and mass communication departments in various Indian universities are engaged in providing post-graduate diploma, degree, MPhil, and doctoral programmes. Besides, over five dozen institutions are offering diploma and certificate programmes in journalism. The rapid development scenario in the field of journalism emphasises the importance of journalism and mass communication education and appropriate training of journalists (including broadcasters and social communicators), duly integrated with national development objectives incorporating social orientation. This education has been marked by a growing sense of professionalism, mainly due to four major factors. These are:
doi:10.17148/iarjset.2021.8964 fatcat:h3e7hpevzzatjptx3v3nesgj5a