Coherent Nonlinear Resonances of Saturated Absorption at Transitions from the Ground 1S0 Atomic State in the Spectroscopy of Unidirectional Waves

Aleksandr Chernenko, Edward Saprykin
2020 American Journal of Optics and Photonics  
The shapes of the saturated absorption resonances at transitions from the ground 1 S 0 atom state in a gas medium in the field of two unidirectional waves are investigated both analytically and numerically. It is shown for the first time that the spectra of nonlinear resonances are formed by processes in the two-and three-level V-schemes resulting from the degeneracy of the upper P transition state, are qualitatively different at the resonant transition and transitions to the more excited atom
more » ... tates. It is established that the physical causes for differences of these spectra are due to the different degree of branching of the radiation from the excited to the ground state (the degree of openness) of transition. The degree of openness of transition determines the amount of contributions of coherent processes to the resonance shapes both in the system of two levels (coherent population beats) and three levels (nonlinear interference effect).
doi:10.11648/j.ajop.20200803.11 fatcat:f3g4z5jzczgo5azcapzxiesop4