Câhiliye Evlilikleri ve Muallaka Şiirlerinde Anlatılan Hayatın Kur'ân Açısından

Mehmet ALTUNTAŞ
2016 Turkish Studies  
ÖZET Câhiliye dönemi hakkında bilgi veren kaynakların başında Kur'ân, hadis ve muallaka şiirleri gelmektedir. Kur'ân Arapların yaşamları, inançları ve yaptıkları evlilikler hakkında önemli bilgiler sunmaktadır. Bu bilgilere bakıldığında Câhiliye dönemi insanlarının başta üvey anneleri olmak üzere evlilikte mahremiyet bakımından hiçbir sınır gözetmedikleri görülmektedir. Hadislerde ise Câhiliye döneminde bir erkeğin, soylu bir çocuğa sahip olmak için eşinin başka bir erkekle birlikte olmasına
more » ... irlikte olmasına izin verdiği anlatılmaktadır. İlgili hadislerde bu durumun, Câhiliye dönemi insanları için ahlakî bir sorun olarak görülmediği anlaşılmaktadır. Mehmet ALTUNTAŞ Turkish Studies ABSTRACT The Qur'ân, Hadith and muallaqa poems are the foremost sources that provide information about life of ignorance period/Jahiliyya. The Qur'ân gives important information about beliefs, lifestyles and marriages of Arabs. When considering the Qur'anic references, it is clearly observed that there is no limit in terms of privacy, including marriage with stepmother for people of Ignorance period. In similar manner, in the Hadith, it is reported that during the Ignorance era, a man who would like to have a noble child let his wife to be with another man. The relevant hadith clarifies that this case is not considered as a moral issue for people of Ignorance. In this regard Muallaqa poems are filled with advises that promote maximum pleasure from life. These poems consist of stories from real lives. In this respect, muallaqa poetry is the most important source which provides information about the life of Ignorance period. In these poems booze and women stand out as the two basic elements of entertainment. Again we learn from these poems that women slaves were significant personalities of entertainment industry. They worked in pubs and also were enforced to prostitution. According to the poetries of Muallaqa, the social lives of the Arabs were generally based on women, wine and taverns. Such perceptions about the social life caused corruption in society and embodied an understanding of life which only consists of women, wine and having fun. That is why the Qur'ân criticizes the hedonistic philosophy of the infidels which focused on maximum pleasure. When considering themes such as women, love, wine and taverns which were described in the poems during the period of Jahiliyya (ignorance) and the marriage with no privacy, it is recognized that the criticisms made by the Qur'ân about life have sociological and historical backgrounds. STRUCTURED ABSTRACT 1.
doi:10.7827/turkishstudies.9354 fatcat:dnj7ag4bsjhy5kwhczxulcf4dm