Quantum Emulsion: A Glassy Phase of Bosonic Mixtures in Optical Lattices
Physical Review Letters
We numerically investigate mixtures of two interacting bosonic species with unequal parameters in one-dimensional optical lattices. In large parameter regions full phase segregation is seen to minimize the energy of the system, but the true ground state is masked by an exponentially large number of metastable states characterized by microscopic phase separation. The ensemble of these quantum emulsion states, reminiscent of emulsions of immiscible fluids, has macroscopic properties analogous to
... hose of a Bose glass, namely a finite compressibility in absence of superfluidity. Their metastability is probed by extensive quantum Monte Carlo simulations generating a rich correlated stochastic dynamics. The tuning of the repulsion of one of the two species via a Feshbach resonance drives the system through a quantum phase transition to the superfluid state.