Transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) mechanisms and its effects on cortical excitability and connectivity

Thomas Reed, Roi Cohen Kadosh
2018 Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease  
In this review, we describe transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) techniques currently being used in neuroscientific research, including transcranial direct current (tDCS), alternating current (tACS) and random noise (tRNS) stimulation techniques. We explain how these techniques are used and summarise the proposed mechanisms of action for each technique. We continue by describing how each method has been used to alter endogenous neuronal oscillations and connectivity between brain regions,
more » ... nd we conclude by highlighting the varying effects of stimulation and discussing the future direction of these stimulation techniques in research.
doi:10.1007/s10545-018-0181-4 pmid:30006770 fatcat:ccxachoclvginfn4qy4slrss5y