G. De Marchi, D. Azzolina, E. Maresio, D. Colatutto, M. Binutti, M. Monte, S. Gallipoli, F. Zobec, A. Palese, M. Silano, S. De Vita, D. Gregori (+1 others)
2021 Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases  
Background:COVID-19 is a systemic viral disease currently spreading as a pandemic. A more severe course and prognosis of COVID-19 in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and vasculitis has been reported (1).Several papers have focused on the concerns, healthcare-related behaviors and psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic among patients with rheumatic diseases, and specifically on SLE patients, showing a trend towards remarkable psychological distress (2-4). To date, no investigation on the
more » ... chological effects of quarantine strategy on SLE patients has been carried out.Objectives:To investigate the psychological impact of the lockdown measures adopted in Italy to contrasting the COVID-19 outbreak, on patients with SLE as compared to the general population.Methods:Patients affected by SLE were given an online questionnaire focused on psychological impact and self-perception during the lockdown measures contrasting the COVID-19 outbreak. The survey was focused on COVID-19 concerns, emotional impact, self-perception and changes in daily living activities and relationships. Results were compared with those of PRESTO (imPact of quaRantine mEasures againST cOvid19) project, an Italian survey, which used the same questionnaire, directed to the general population, with or without chronic diseases. A propensity matching procedure has been applied to LEPRE (Lupus Erythematosus PRESTO project) cases and the PRESTO responders with a ratio of 2 versus 1.Results:64 patients and 1114 unselected people completed the survey. After the matching procedure, patients were compared to 128 matched adults. Missing data were below 6%. The median age among patients was 43 years (I-III interquartile range 35-54.5), 88% were female and 100% Caucasian. The SLE subjects live mainly in detached houses (38/64 vs 348/1114, p<0.0001), having access to a private garden (52/64 vs 625/1112, p<0.0001) and also owning a pet (43/64 vs 508/1114, p<0.001), in comparison with the PRESTO sample living mainly in flats. The psychological impact measured by IES-R, GHQ.12, and CEDS scores were not statistically different between patients and the general population, such as globally COVID-19 concerns and feelings. However, patients perceived more difficulty to find some free time and enjoy it (13/60 vs 48/121, p=0.01) and to be able to solve own problems (47/61 vs 71/120, p=0.02). On the contrary, patients felt more able to cope with the problem and less sad or depressed in comparison with the PRESTO group (17/61 vs 13/120, p=0.003). Moreover, patients missed playing sports/exercise less than general population (12/63 vs 46/128, p=0.02), while they felt more the distance from family and relatives (45/63 vs 42/86, p<0.0001).Conclusion:the COVID-19 pandemic didn't unveil a greater psychological fragility of people living with SLE than the others. By contrast, a coping strategy, including the role of the family and the lifestyle, contributes to resilience of SLE in difficult scenarios such as those presented by the pandemic.References:[1]Gianfrancesco M, et al. Ann Rheum Dis 2020;79:859-866.[2]George M, et al. J Rheumatol 2020 Nov 15; doi: 10.3899/jrheum.201017.[3]Rathi M, et al. Lupus 2020 Oct 6:961203320962855. doi: 10.1177/0961203320962855.[4]Koppert TY, et al. Rheumatology 2020;keaa842. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/keaa842.Acknowledgements:We thank the PRESTO Investigators dr Corrado Lanera and dr Giulia Lorenzoni (Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Cardiology, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padova, Italy) for their contribution.Disclosure of Interests:None declared
doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2021-eular.1590 fatcat:4n5zgy6t5be3jcrzlevsxd3b5i