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The penalty kick is of great importance in the sport of soccer. Therefore, the aim of this study was to test predictions of the OPTIMAL theory and identify key attentional and motivational factors that impact the accuracy of the penalty kick. The following six groups of moderately skilled participants performed penalty kicks following instructions that directed their focus of attention or impacted their autonomy support: external focus with autonomy support (EF/AS), external focus alone (EF),doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0213487 pmid:31545800 pmcid:PMC6756529 fatcat:jygtsulwffgr3asybxaw4fqvtu