Statistical Tree-based Population Seeding for Rolling Horizon EAs in General Video Game Playing [article]

Edgar Galván, Oxana Gorshkova, Peter Mooney, Fred Valdez Ameneyro, Erik Cuevas
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Multiple Artificial Intelligence (AI) methods have been proposed over recent years to create controllers to play multiple video games of different nature and complexity without revealing the specific mechanics of each of these games to the AI methods. In recent years, Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs) employing rolling horizon mechanisms have achieved extraordinary results in these type of problems. However, some limitations are present in Rolling Horizon EAs making it a grand challenge of AI.
more » ... limitations include the wasteful mechanism of creating a population and evolving it over a fraction of a second to propose an action to be executed by the game agent. Another limitation is to use a scalar value (fitness value) to direct evolutionary search instead of accounting for a mechanism that informs us how a particular agent behaves during the rolling horizon simulation. In this work, we address both of these issues. We introduce the use of a statistical tree that tackles the latter limitation. Furthermore, we tackle the former limitation by employing a mechanism that allows us to seed part of the population using Monte Carlo Tree Search, a method that has dominated multiple General Video Game AI competitions. We show how the proposed novel mechanism, called Statistical Tree-based Population Seeding, achieves better results compared to vanilla Rolling Horizon EAs in a set of 20 games, including 10 stochastic and 10 deterministic games.
arXiv:2008.13253v1 fatcat:c3cqnuvwsvcjvaftzvfgxfl3ia