STH-net: a model-driven soil monitoring network for process-based hydrological modelling from the pedon to the hillslope scale
Abstract. The Schäfertal hillslope site is part of the TERENO Harz/Central German Lowland Observatory and its soil water dynamics is being monitored intensively as part of an integrated, long-term, multi-scale and multi-temporal research framework linking hydrological, pedological, atmospheric and biodiversity-related research to investigate the influences of climate and land use change on the terrestrial system. Here, a new soil monitoring network, indicated as STH-net, has been recently
... ented to provide high-resolution data about the most relevant hydrological variables and local soil properties. The monitoring network is spatially optimized, based on previous knowledge from soil mapping and soil moisture monitoring, in order to capture the spatial variability of soil properties and soil water dynamics along a catena across the site as well as in depth. The STH-net comprises eight stations instrumented with time-domain reflectometry (TDR) probes, soil temperature probes and piezometers. Furthermore, a weather station provides data about the meteorological variables. A detailed soil characterization exists for locations where the TDR probes are installed. All data are measured at a 10-minutes interval since January 1st, 2019. The STH-net is intended to provide scientists with high-quality data needed for developing and testing modelling approaches in the context of vadose-zone hydrology at spatial scales ranging from the pedon to the hillslope. The data are available from the EUDAT portal (https://b2share.eudat.eu/records/e2a2135bb1634a97abcedf8a461c0909 ) (Martini et al., 2020).