A Comprehensive Survey on Hybrid Communication for Internet of Nano-Things in Context of Body-Centric Communications [article]

Ke Yang, Dadi Bi, Yansha Deng, Rui Zhang, M. Mahboob Ur Rahman, Najah Abu Ali, Muhammad Ali Imran, Josep M. Jornet, Qammer H. Abbasi, Akram Alomainy
2019 arXiv   pre-print
With the huge advancement of nanotechnology over the past years, the devices are shrinking into micro-scale, even nano-scale. Additionally, the Internet of nano-things (IoNTs) are generally regarded as the ultimate formation of the current sensor networks and the development of nanonetworks would be of great help to its fulfilment, which would be ubiquitous with numerous applications in all domains of life. However, the communication between the devices in such nanonetworks is still an open
more » ... lem. Body-centric nanonetworks are believed to play an essential role in the practical application of IoNTs. BCNNs are also considered as domain specific like wireless sensor networks and always deployed on purpose to support a particular application. In these networks, electromagnetic and molecular communications are widely considered as two main promising paradigms and both follow their own development process. In this survey, the recent developments of these two paradigms are first illustrated in the aspects of applications, network structures, modulation techniques, coding techniques and security to then investigate the potential of hybrid communication paradigms. Meanwhile, the enabling technologies have been presented to apprehend the state-of-art with the discussion on the possibility of the hybrid technologies. Additionally, the inter-connectivity of electromagnetic and molecular body-centric nanonetworks is discussed. Afterwards, the related security issues of the proposed networks are discussed. Finally, the challenges and open research directions are presented.
arXiv:1912.09424v1 fatcat:yuhsss5chrdgxlrzqwvfvxjypy