Gametogenesis, spawning, and planula brooding by the reef coral Goniastrea aspera (Scleractinia) in Okinawa, Japan

K Sakai
1997 Marine Ecology Progress Series  
Sexual reproduction of the coral Gonlastrea aspel-a In subtropical Okinawa (Japan) was studied by dissection, histology, and laboratory observation of spawnlng G. aspera is a simultaneous hermaphrodite, and in its annual cycle of gametogenesis, oocytes appear earlier than spermatozoa Spawning of sperm and, momentarily thereafter, eggs, occurred at night 3 to 6 d after the full moons of J u n e and July in 1993; 12 % and 100% of the observed colonies spawned in J u n e and July, respectively.
more » ... y, respectively. Histological studies showed that 15% and 100% of the colonies had mature sperm 1 wk before the June and July spawning peaks, respectively Brooded planulae were found in all colonies after the major spawnlng. These planulae were very likely the products of sexual reproduction, because eggs remained in the polyps after spawning and no sign of asexual reproduction was detected. The planulae settled soon after emerging from the parent polyps, which suggests that brooding is for short-distance dispersal KEY WORDS Coral. Goniastrea aspera. Reproduction Gametogenesis. Spawning. Planula brooding O Inter-Research 1997 Resale of full art~cle not p e r m~t t e d
doi:10.3354/meps151067 fatcat:rxpw3xf7lnez7b4jloaqcn4ixm