Außerfamiliäre Betreuung von Kindern unter 3 Jahren: Kinderkrippe und Tagesmutter im Vergleich
Center- or home-based childcare? – a question that arises in the vast majority of parents who are looking for an adequate place for their toddler in childcare. The aim of the study was to find out in which childcare setting and under which conditions children feel more at ease. For this purpose the emotional wellbeing of 55 toddlers in center-based childcare and 65 toddlers in family-based childcare (18-26 months), as well as their caregivers' behavior were recorded by observational
... s. Children in home-based childcare showed greater wellbeing in terms of more positive emotions, active exploration and self-stimulating behaviors compared to children in center-based care. In the more familiar setting structural characteristics were identified as significant predictors of children's wellbeing. Fewer children cared for at the same time more positive emotions were observed. Additionally a lower age range (< 30 months) was associated with more positive emotions, but only when the children were younger. In center-based care, however, the extent of the caregiver's attention to the individual child predicted the children's behaviors that indicated wellbeing. More focused attention supported the activity of exploration and reduced children's self-stimulation. Young children also expressed more positive emotions when receiving extended individual care. Whenever a decision between center- and home-based childcare is made the results of this study should be born in mind. It confirms the importance of age-weighted group structures as well as the improvement of the caregivers' pedagogical education.