Surgical Lobectomy of Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformations in a Patient with Presentations Regarded as Sequela of Tuberculosis: A Case Report [post]

Peng Teng, Weidong Li, Yiming Ni
2020 unpublished
Background: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are uncommon conditions of abnormal communications between pulmonary arteries and veins, which are most commonly congenital in nature. Although such condition is not extremely rare, it is a challenge to the differential diagnosis of pulmonary problems such as hypoxemia and pulmonary lesions.Case presentation: We report a meaningful case of a 23-year-old male presented with elevated hemoglobin (23.0 g/dl) on admission. Physical examination
more » ... examination revealed cyanosis, digital clubbing and low oxygen saturation on room air. The patient was initially diagnosed as polycythemia vera while the subsequent result of bone marrow aspiration was negative. During further assessment, pulmonary arteriovenous malformations were detected by CT pulmonary angiography. Lobectomy was successfully performed with significant increase in oxygen saturation from 86% to 98%. The hemoglobin decreased to almost normal level of 14.9 g/dl three months after surgery and the patient had been followed up for nearly 5 years.Conclusions: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations should be suspected in patients with central cyanosis, digital clubbing, polycythemia, pulmonary lesion and without cardiac malformations. Embolization or surgery is strongly recommended to reduce the risks caused by pulmonary arteriovenous malformations.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-48941/v2 fatcat:74fq4b6bmrhpxofy7pvtqzzz5a