Effects of icosapent ethyl on lipoprotein particle concentration and size in statin-treated patients with persistent high triglycerides (the ANCHOR Study)

Christie M. Ballantyne, Rene A. Braeckman, Harold E. Bays, John J. Kastelein, James D. Otvos, William G. Stirtan, Ralph T. Doyle, Paresh N. Soni, Rebecca A. Juliano
2015 Journal of Clinical Lipidology  
BACKGROUND: Icosapent ethyl (IPE) is a high-purity prescription form of eicosapentaenoic acid ethyl ester approved at a dose of 4 g/day as an adjunct to diet to reduce triglyceride (TG) levels in adult patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia (TG $ 500 mg/dL). OBJECTIVE: In this prespecified exploratory analysis from the ANCHOR study of patients at high cardiovascular risk with TG $ 200 and ,500 mg/dL despite statin control of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, we assessed the effects of IPE
more » ... the effects of IPE on lipoprotein particle concentration and size and examined correlations of atherogenic particles with apolipoprotein B (ApoB). METHODS: Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to measure lipoprotein particle concentration and size. RESULTS: Compared with placebo (n 5 211), IPE 4 g/day (n 5 216) significantly reduced concentrations of: total (12.2%, P 5 .0002), large (46.4%, P , .0001), and medium (12.1%, P 5 .0068) very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) particles; total (7.7%, P 5 .0017) and small (13.5%, P , .0001) LDL particles; and total (7.4%, P , .0001) and large (31.0%, P , .0001) high-density lipoprotein particles. Atherogenic lipoprotein particles (total VLDL and total LDL) correlated with ApoB at baseline (R 2 5 0.57) and week 12 (R 2 5 0.65) as did total LDL particle concentration at baseline (R 2 5 0.53) and week 12 (R 2 5 0.59). Compared with placebo, IPE 4 g/day significantly reduced VLDL (7.7%, P , .0001) and high-density lipoprotein (1.2%, P 5 .0014) particle sizes with a modest but significant increase in LDL particle size (0.5%, P 5 .0031).
doi:10.1016/j.jacl.2014.11.009 pmid:26073397 fatcat:zfhohgszl5a2tkrox7fvimdx2i