Evaluation of Myelin Radiotracers in the Lysolecithin Rat Model of Focal Demyelination: Beware of Pitfalls!

Min Zhang, Gaëlle Hugon, Caroline Bouillot, Radu Bolbos, Jean-Baptiste Langlois, Thierry Billard, Frédéric Bonnefoi, Biao Li, Luc Zimmer, Fabien Chauveau
2019 Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging  
The observation that amyloid radiotracers developed for Alzheimer's disease bind to cerebral white matter paved the road to nuclear imaging of myelin in multiple sclerosis. The lysolecithin (lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC)) rat model of demyelination proved useful in evaluating and comparing candidate radiotracers to target myelin. Focal demyelination following stereotaxic LPC injection is larger than lesions observed in experimental autoimmune encephalitis models and is followed by spontaneous
more » ... ogressive remyelination. Moreover, the contralateral hemisphere may serve as an internal control in a given animal. However, demyelination can be accompanied by concurrent focal necrosis and/or adjacent ventricle dilation. The influence of these side effects on imaging findings has never been carefully assessed. The present study describes an optimization of the LPC model and highlights the use of MRI for controlling the variability and pitfalls of the model. The prototypical amyloid radiotracer [11C]PIB was used to show that in vivo PET does not provide sufficient sensitivity to reliably track myelin changes and may be sensitive to LPC side effects instead of demyelination as such. Ex vivo autoradiography with a fluorine radiotracer should be preferred, to adequately evaluate and compare radiotracers for the assessment of myelin content.
doi:10.1155/2019/9294586 pmid:31281236 pmcid:PMC6594279 fatcat:tg4562ht5zbx3fzzy3x4oxzv6y