Investigation on effects of tritium release behavior in Li4SiO4 pebbles

Qiang Qi, Mingzhong Zhao, Fei Sun, Yingchun Zhang, Shouxi Gu, Baolong Ji, Haishan Zhou, Yasuhisa Oya, Songlin Liu, Guang-Nan Luo
2021 Nuclear Materials and Energy  
For deuterium-tritium fusion reactor, the fuel of tritium is not available naturally. Tritium should be produced by the reaction of Li (n, ɑ) T. Li4SiO4 is one of promising candidates due to high lithium density. In present work, effects of tritium release behavior from Li4SiO4 have been investigated and compared. The main release peak at lower temperature was attributed to tritium located on/near the grain surface and chemical adsorption on pore surface. The small peak at higher temperature
more » ... designated as tritium diffusion from grain including lattice and boundary. The tritium release behavior was simulated by diffusion model and surface reaction model. Tritium behavior is controlled by both diffusion and surface reaction for different stages. Based on the desorption theory, the kinetic parameters were obtained. The effects on tritium release behavior were studied. The porosity has significant effects on tritium release. Higher porosity has large specific surface providing more activation sites and fast channel for tritium release which results in lower temperature of tritium release. The main tritium release form was considered as tritium water. The release peak of deuterium moved towards lower temperature after adsorbing water vapor for 1800 hours. It was demonstrated that adsorbing water was beneficial for tritium release due to isotope exchange. Compared the effects of porosity and water vapor, higher porosity has larger effects on tritium release in the present work. Based on the work, the tritium release is controlled by both diffusion and surface reaction at different stage and affected by comprehensive effects including porosity and adsorption water.
doi:10.1016/j.nme.2021.101036 fatcat:y57z3s5uvnanjln23t6sz36riu