Regulated LSTM Artificial Neural Networks for Option Risks

David Liu, An Wei
2022 FinTech  
This research aims to study the pricing risks of options by using improved LSTM artificial neural network models and make direct comparisons with the Black–Scholes option pricing model based upon the option prices of 50 ETFs of the Shanghai Securities Exchange from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2019. We study an LSTM model, a mathematical option pricing model (BS model), and an improved artificial neural network model—the regulated LSTM model. The method we adopted is first to price the options
more » ... using the mathematical model—i.e., the BS model—and then to construct the LSTM neural network for training and predicting the option prices. We further form the regulated LSTM network with optimally selected key technical indicators using Python programming aiming at improving the network's predicting ability. Risks of option pricing are measured by MSE, RMSE, MAE and MAPE, respectively, for all the models used. The results of this paper show that both the ordinary LSTM and the traditional BS option pricing model have lower predictive ability than the regulated LSTM model. The prediction ability of the regulated LSTM model with the optimal technical indicators is superior, and the approach adopted is effective.
doi:10.3390/fintech1020014 fatcat:d52a2aoqmndejp7wyq7kughc6a