Venous thromboembolism in women with ovarian cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to cytoreductive surgery: A retrospective study

Samuel G. Oxley, Yaa A. Achampong, Nikola Sambandan, Daniel J. Hughes, Mari Thomas, Michelle Lockley, Adeola Olaitan
2021 Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica  
Ovarian cancer is associated with a venous thromboembolism risk of at least 7.2% by 2 years from diagnosis, and although patients undergoing surgery benefit from routine thromboprophylaxis, those undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy do not. This study aims to determine the venous thromboembolism incidence in patients with ovarian cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and explore whether any subset is at higher risk, in order to evaluate whether thromboprophylaxis is justified in some or
more » ... of these patients. This was a retrospective review of all women undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy for FIGO radiological stages III and IV primary ovarian, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal cancer, between 2000 and 2015, in a London tertiary cancer center. The primary outcome was venous thromboembolism rate among women undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The secondary outcomes were patient or treatment factors associated with venous thromboembolism risk, including age, body mass index, smoking status, performance status, and tumor stage. We identified 278 eligible women from the ovarian cancer database. Fifty-eight women (20.9%) developed venous thromboembolism between initial presentation and the immediate postoperative period, of which 45 (77.6%) developed a pulmonary embolism. In all, 15.1% of women developed venous thromboembolism from the start of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Age, body mass index, smoking, or other comorbidities were not significantly associated with venous thromboembolism risk. One woman died from massive pulmonary embolism, 27 women underwent inferior vena cava filter insertion, and 10 had surgery delayed. This study demonstrates an unacceptably high rate of avoidable venous thromboembolism including pulmonary embolism in these women, which complicates and delays treatment. Thromboprophylaxis during neoadjuvant chemotherapy should now be assessed prospectively.
doi:10.1111/aogs.14246 pmid:34486103 fatcat:rbmthn2ahzbw7dfh6kz6admk5i