Paradoxa in the Blueprint of the Visual Organ: Their Contribution to 'Intelligent' Vision
American Journal of Optics and Photonics
The development of the eyes is a product of the brain; the development of the central visual nerve tract which leads from the eyes to the brain is a product of the eyes and the development of the six extraocular muscles for the oculomotoric control of the eyes is a further product of the brain. Therefore, the human visual system is a product of the brain and the eyes. Paradoxical constructions are part of the blueprint. These are not self-explanatory and are not immediately recognizable as
... ecognizable as intelligent solutions. Some of these solutions have been labelled as a 'malperformance of nature', others are paradoxically misinterpreted. Some paradoxa are discussed before the grating-optical 'cortical' information processing in the three nuclear layers of the retina -the 'brain in the eye' -are looked at. The paradoxical construction of the visual nerve tract leading via the chiasm of the optic nerves (Chiasma Opticum) to the two CGL (Corpus Geniculatum Laterale) and to V1 (area 17) is based on this. At the same time, the 'brain in the eye' becomes the decisive basis of vision and the central visual nerve tract becomes a prominent organ of balance with a sensor and a motor function. Geometric optics and diffractive grating interference Near-field optics play an important part here as do the coordinate systems and the axis-centered symmetry operations.