Estimation of Serum Vitamin D2, Growth Hormone, Alkaline Phosphatase and Calcium Phosphate Product in Patients with End Stage Renal Disease

Santosh Chaudhary, Narayan Gautam, Manoj Karki, Sunkeshari Deshar, Archana Jayan, Amit Chandra Jha, Binaya Tamang, Buddhi Raj Pokhrel, Jharana Shrestha, Raju Kumar Dubey
2021 Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences  
INTRODUCTION The chronic kidney disease (CKD) patient's calcium phosphate product, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), vitamin-D2 and human growth hormone (hGH) are altered under haemodialysis. This study aimed to evaluate these biochemical variables in conjunction with haemoglobin and blood pressure to find out their association in End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS This cross-sectional study comprised of 104 patients with ESRD undergoing haemodialysis. The estimated
more » ... ar filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated by Cockcroft-Gault (CG) equation and calcium, phosphorus, ALP were measured by fully automated analyzer whereas vitamin-D2 and hGH were measured by sandwich and competitive enzyme linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA) techniques. RESULTS The mean age of patients was 53.12 ±16.37 years comprising 68% male. The hypovitaminosis D was 57.7% deficiency and 23.1% insufficiency states whereas hGH insufficiency was 22.1%. The calcium phosphate product was found to be increased in only 39.9% cases. The increased ALP level was observed in 64.4% cases. There was statistically significant association between hGH and Hb status (p=0.03). The significant difference in mean sodium and Ca×P of ESRD cases was observed with hypertension status (p=0.03 and p=0.01) respectively. Moreover, the significant difference in mean eGFR and hGH was observed with haemoglobin status (p=0.0001and p=0.01) respectively. CONCLUSION Increased level of ALP and hypovitaminosis-D was very common in ESRD patients undergoing dialysis with less prevalence of hGH insufficiency and calcium phosphate product increment. The anaemia and hypertension status can be pre-existing condition with ESRD which are cumbersome to control if not monitor in these patients.
doi:10.3126/jucms.v9i01.37979 fatcat:dmu3v6mdnvgqvd54hfw44c3nce