Enhancement: SiamFC Tracker Algorithm Performance Based on Convolutional Hyperparameters Optimization and Low Pass Filter

Rogeany Kanza, Yu Zhao, Zhilin Huang, Chenyu Huang, Zhuoming Li
2022 Mathematics  
Over the past few decades, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have achieved outstanding results in addressing a broad scope of computer vision problems. Despite these improvements, fully convolutional Siamese neural networks (FCSNN) still hardly adapt to complex scenes, such as appearance change, scale change, similar objects interference, etc. The present study focuses on an enhanced FCSNN based on convolutional block hyperparameters optimization, a new activation function (ModReLU) and
more » ... ian low pass filter. The optimization of hyperparameters is an important task, as it has a crucial ascendancy on the tracking process performance, especially when it comes to the initialization of weights and bias. They have to work efficiently with the following activation function layer. Inadequate initialization can result in vanishing or exploding gradients. In the first method, we propose an optimization strategy for initializing weights and bias in the convolutional block to ameliorate the learning of features so that each neuron learns as much as possible. Next, the activation function normalizes the output. We implement the convolutional block hyperparameters optimization by setting the convolutional weights initialization to constant, the bias initialization to zero and the Leaky ReLU activation function at the output. In the second method, we propose a new activation, ModReLU, in the activation layer of CNN. Additionally, we also introduce a Gaussian low pass filter to minimize image noise and improve the structures of images at distinct scales. Moreover, we add a pixel-domain-based color adjustment implementation to enhance the capacity of the proposed strategies. The proposed implementations handle better rotation, moving, occlusion and appearance change problems and improve tracking speed. Our experimental results clearly show a significant improvement in the overall performance compared to the original SiamFC tracker. The first proposed technique of this work surpasses the original fully convolutional Siamese networks (SiamFC) on the VOT 2016 dataset with an increase of 15.42% in precision, 16.79% in AUPC and 15.93% in IOU compared to the original SiamFC. Our second proposed technique also reveals remarkable advances over the original SiamFC with 18.07% precision increment, 17.01% AUPC improvement and an increase of 15.87% in IOU. We evaluate our methods on the Visual Object Tracking (VOT) Challenge 2016 dataset, and they both outperform the original SiamFC tracker performance and many other top performers.
doi:10.3390/math10091527 fatcat:3ueblirq55a73m6fmk52y6fm2m