THE RESEARCH WEED SPECIES, DENSITY AND FREQUENCY IN PARK AND GARDEN OF ADANA METROPOLITAN MUNICIPALITY AND DISTRICT

Tamer ÜSTÜNER
2017 Middle East Journal of Science  
Ornamental plants which are grown as house plants, landscaping plants or for horticultural purposes mostly because of the leaves and the flowers that attract people. The improtance of ornamental plants increased in our urban life today. Because people may expreince a great socialepression due to the fact that they become exposed to many negative factors in the social life of a metropolitan city. By taking this aspect into the account, in the developing understanding of the modern city, mayors
more » ... dern city, mayors and city planners are now planning more livable cities with an increased amount of green fields. For this purpose, we have to allocate more space to the ornamental and landscape plants. However, a number of problems is faced in the cultivation of ornamental plants. In particular, weeds, diseases and pests are important topics in the cultivation of ornamental plants. If we do not fight against the weeds, diseases and pests, we would be unsuccessful in growing ornamental plants. A highly significant amount of damage caused by weeds is concerned in the cultivation of ornamental plants. Especially considering the fact that weeds can consume 3-4 times more water, organic and inorganic nutrients compared to ornamental plants. of 104 species of weeds detected in Adana Region, 1 of them was Pterydophyta, 19 were Monocotyledons, and 84 were Dicotyledon. An avarage of 116.139 number of weeds per metersquare were detected in the region. The highest density (165.390 number/m2) of weed species was found in Adana Metropolitan Municipality center, followed by Cukurova (114.159), Seyhan (113.030), Yüregir (106.164), Kozan (99.896) and Ceyhan (98.199) districts, respectively. The narrow leaved weeds which were found to be in the highest density (weed average>10) in ornamental plants growing areas of Adana region; Cynodon dactylon, Agropyron repens, Setaria viridis, Digitaria sanguinalis. Broad leaf weeds; Taraxacum officinale and Portulaca oleracea..
doi:10.23884/mejs.2017.3.1.05 fatcat:xuxcdflu4vggpj4iltduyrezhe