Diagnostic Survey of Existing Farming System and Agro Forestry Practices in the Koderma District of Jharkhand, India
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences
Agroforestry has been recognized as one of the important systems for supporting the livelihoods of rural farmers. Maximum number of male population was 55.05% female population was 44.95% in survey area. Maximum age class 30-40 (48.75%) followed by age class 40 -50 (23.75%), maximum 51.25% of respondents belong to medium size family followed by 35.00% in small size family. Maximum 65% of respondents were scheduled tribe followed by 28.75% in backward caste, maximum 32.50% of respondents were
... respondents were under Rs. 3001-5000 monthly income followed by 30.00%, maximum 50.00% of respondents was 1-2 ha land holding followed by 37.50% in 2-4 ha. In Agrisilviculture system found tree crop like Artocarpus heterophyllus, Azadirachta indica, Dalbergia sissoo, Gmelina arborea, Leucaena leucocephala, Melia azedarech, Syzygium cumini, Tectona grandis and agriculture crop l;ike Triticum aestivum, Brassica nigra Pisum sativum, Zea mays, Oryza sativa, Solamum tuberosum, Lycopersicon esculentum. In agrihorticulture system grow tree like Artocarpus heterophyllus, Litchi chinensis, Mangifera indica, Syzygium cumini and agriculture crop like Lycopersicon esculentum, Solanum melongena, Zingiber officinale, Capsicum annuum, Colocasia schott. Different agroforestry practices fulfilled the demand of rural households and extra income sources. However, only few households adopted high income based agroforestry activities. It should be extended to all households and need to be supported by government.