Defect Filling Method of Sensor Encapsulation Based on Micro-Nano Composite Structure with Parylene Coating

Jialin Yao, Wenjiang Qiang, Xingqi Guo, Hanshui Fan, Yushuang Zheng, Yan Xu, Xing Yang
2021 Sensors  
The demand for waterproofing of polymer (parylene) coating encapsulation has increased in a wide variety of applications, especially in the waterproof protection of electronic devices. However, parylene coatings often produce pinholes and cracks, which will reduce the waterproof effect as a protective barrier. This characteristic has a more significant influence on sensors and actuators with movable parts. Thus, a defect filling method of micro-nano composite structure is proposed to improve
more » ... waterproof ability of parylene coatings. The defect filling method is composed of a nano layer of Al2O3 molecules and a micro layer of parylene polymer. Based on the diffusion mechanism of water molecules in the polymer membrane, defects on the surface of polymer encapsulation will be filled and decomposed into smaller areas by Al2O3 nanoparticles to delay or hinder the penetration of water molecules. Accordingly, the dense Al2O3 nanoparticles are utilized to fill and repair the surface of the organic polymer by low-rate atomic layer deposition. This paper takes the pressure sensor as an example to carry out the corresponding research. Experimental results show that the proposed method is very effective and the encapsulated sensors work properly in a saline solution after a period of time equivalent to 153.9 days in body temperature, maintaining their accuracy and precision of 2 mmHg. Moreover, the sensors could improve accuracy by about 43% after the proposed encapsulation. Therefore, the water molecule anti-permeability encapsulation would have broad application prospects in micro/nano-device protection.
doi:10.3390/s21041107 pmid:33562626 fatcat:wsnapkbgzzawfgqnx2ukbb6igi