Restoration by intratracheal gene transfer of bicarbonate secretion in cystic fibrosis mouse gallbladder
American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Restoration by intratracheal gene transfer of bicarbonate secretion in cystic fibrosis mouse gallbladder. Am. J. Physiol. 274 (Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 37): G1053-G1060, 1998.-Gallbladders from cystic fibrosis (CF) mice (Cftr tm1Cam and Cftr tm2Cam ) were examined with the short-circuit current technique. The tissues failed to show any electrogenic anion transport in response to forskolin (cAMP stimulus) but responded to the Ca 2ϩ ionophore ionomycin. Administration of the plasmid
... e plasmid pTrial10-CFTR2 complexed with cationic liposomes 53␤-[N-(dimethylaminoethane)carbamoyl]cholesterol and L-␣-phosphatidylethanolamine dioleolyl6 to the airways restored the phenotype of CF gallbladders to that of the wild type, but did not do so when given orally. Formation of human CFTR mRNA in gallbladders of transfected CF null mice was demonstrated. Using the reporter genes pCMV-luc and pCMV-LacZ, we showed that 1) the intratracheal route was more effective than the oral, intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous, or intraperitoneal routes in expressing luciferase activity in the gallbladder and 2) ␤-galactosidase staining after pCMV-LacZ was confined to the columnar epithelium lining the gallbladder without any discernible activity in its smooth muscle. The discovery of an unusual route for gene transfer to the biliary system may give useful insight into counteracting the consequences of biliary fibrosis in human CF patients.