Endoscopic Features of Submucosal Invasion in Undifferentiated-type Early Gastric Cancer Less than 20 mm in Size without Ulceration

Su Jin Kim, Byung Soo Park, Cheol Woong Choi, Hyung Wook Kim, Dae Hwan Kang, Su Bum Park
2021 The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research  
Background/Aims: The prediction of invasion depth is important to decide the treatment modality for undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer (EGC) less than 20 mm in size without ulceration. We aimed to identify the endoscopic features associated with submucosal invasion in undifferentiated-type EGC that meet the criteria of size and ulcer status. Methods: A total of 120 patients with undifferentiated-type EGC who underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) or gastrectomy between August
more » ... omy between August 2008 and December 2017 were enrolled and reviewed retrospectively. All lesions met the ESD indications except for the invasion depth. We analyzed the endoscopic features of the tumors before resection and invasion depth after resection. Results : There were 97 mucosal and 23 submucosal cancer lesions. Multivariable analysis revealed that the polypoid (OR, 90.8; 95% CI, 3.5~2,346.2) or elevated (OR, 5.0; 95% CI, 1.2~21.3) types, deep depression (OR, 76.0; 95% CI, 4.5~1,284.6), and upper (OR, 22.7; 95% CI, 3.0~170.8) or middle location (OR, 10.3; 95% CI, 1.9~55.4) were significant risk factors of submucosal invasion. Conclusions: The treatment modality for undifferentiated-type EGC of the polypoid/elevated type or with deep depression located in the upper two-thirds of the stomach should be carefully considered, even if the tumor size and ulcer status meet the ESD indications. (Korean J Helicobacter Up Gastrointest Res 2021 Feb 15. [Epub ahead of print])
doi:10.7704/kjhugr.2020.0062 fatcat:qn4bqzdrijfcvlbsyqn6jjxqxy