Neue Sulfido-Antimonate der schweren Alkalimetalle: Synthese, Kristallstruktur und chemische Bindung von (K=Rb=Cs)3SbS3 und Cs3SbS4 · H2O / New Sulfido Antimonates of the Heavy Alkali Metals: Synthesis, Crystal Structure and Chemical Bonding of (K=Rb=Cs)3SbS3 and Cs3SbS4 · H2O

Lisa V. Schindler, Michael Schwarz, Caroline Röhr
2013 Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. B, A journal of chemical sciences  
The new sulfido antimonates(III) (Rb=Cs)3SbS3 were prepared from the alkali metal sulfides Rb2S=Cs2S2 and elemental antimony and sulfur or Sb2S3 at reaction temperatures of about 700 °C. The known isotypic potassium compound was similarily synthesized from the elements. The structures of the light-yellow crystals were refined using single-crystal X-ray data. Both compounds are isotypic to the respective Na salt forming the Na3AsS3 structure type (cubic, space group P213, K/Rb/Cs: a =
more » ... /Cs: a = 947:21(7)=982:28(5)=1025:92(5) pm, Z = 4, R1 = 0:0159=0:0560=0:0582). The Ψ - tetrahedral SbS3-3 anions with Sb-S bond lengths of 242 pm are arranged in a cubic face centered packing, in which the three crystallographically different A+ cations occupy the tetrahedral and octahedral voids, overall exhibiting a distorted octahedral sulfur coordination. The chemical bonding and the characteristics of the stereochemically active lone electron pair have been investigated by means of FP-LAPW band structure calculations. Needle-shaped crystals of the monohydrate of the antimony(V) salt Cs3SbS4 · H2O were obtained from a suspension of Sb2O3, CsOH and elemental sulfur. Cs3SbS4 · H2O crystallizes in a new structure type (monoclinic, space group P21/c, a = 987:17(10), b = 994:83(7), c = 1600:46(14) pm, β = 126:895(8)°, Z = 4, R1 = 0:0234). As expected, the Sb-S distances (233.1 - 234.7 pm) in the nearly ideally tetrahedral anion SbS3-4 are considerably shorter than in the antimonates(III) but match the bond lengths in the anhydrous sulfido antimonate(V) Cs3SbS4. Due to their similar fcc-like anion packing and the stereochemically active lone electron pair of Sb in the antimonates(III), the whole series of compounds A3SbIII,VS3/4 shows a uniform structure relation, which is elucidated using crystallographic group-subgroup relations
doi:10.5560/znb.2013-3227 fatcat:76xluewzbrf5rebczzjx75sy7q