Facile Synthesis toward the Optimal Structure-Conductivity Characteristics of the Argyrodite Li6PS5Cl Solid-State Electrolyte [component]

The high Li-ion conductivity of the argyrodite Li 6 PS 5 Cl makes it a promising solid electrolyte candidate for all-solid-state Li-ion batteries. For future application, it is essential to identify facile synthesis procedures and to relate the synthesis conditions to the solid electrolyte material performance. Here, a simple optimized synthesis route is investigated that avoids intensive ball milling by direct annealing of the mixed precursors at 550°C for 10 h, resulting in argyrodite Li 6 PS
more » ... argyrodite Li 6 PS 5 Cl with a high Li-ion conductivity of up to 4.96 × 10 −3 S cm −1 at 26.2°C. Both the temperature-dependent alternating current impedance conductivities and solid-state NMR spin−lattice relaxation rates demonstrate that the Li 6 PS 5 Cl prepared under these conditions results in a higher conductivity and Li-ion mobility compared to materials prepared by the traditional mechanical milling route. The origin of the improved conductivity appears to be a combination of the optimal local Cl structure and its homogeneous distribution in the material. All-solid-state cells consisting of an 80Li 2 S−20LiI cathode, the optimized Li 6 PS 5 Cl electrolyte, and an In anode showed a relatively good electrochemical performance with an initial discharge capacity of 662.6 mAh g −1 when a current density of 0.13 mA cm −2 was used, corresponding to a C-rate of approximately C/20. On direct comparison with a solid-state battery using a solid electrolyte prepared by the mechanical milling route, the battery made with the new material exhibits a higher initial discharge capacity and Coulombic efficiency at a higher current density with better cycling stability. Nevertheless, the cycling stability is limited by the electrolyte stability, which is a major concern for these types of solid-state batteries.
doi:10.1021/acsami.8b07476.s001 fatcat:k6gfxzsxmvh45plpfinxpc6mfu