c-Fos Degradation by the Proteasome

Huiling He, Xiao-Mei Qi, Johannes Grossmann, Clark W. Distelhorst
1998 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
c-Fos is a transcription factor that promotes cell growth, differentiation, and transformation. We found that c-Fos was degraded when WEHI7.2 mouse lymphoma cells were induced to undergo apoptosis with the calcium ATPase inhibitor, thapsigargin, or the glucocorticoid hormone, dexamethasone. The degradation of c-Fos preceded caspase-3 activation and apoptotic nuclear chromatin condensation and was inhibited by the proteasome inhibitors MG132, N-acetyl-leucyl-leucylnorleucinal, and lactacystin.
more » ... and lactacystin. Stable transfection of WEHI7.2 cells with a mutant form of c-Fos that was not degraded by the proteasome inhibited apoptosis. Also, overexpression of Bcl-2 in WEHI7.2 cells blocked c-Fos degradation and inhibited apoptosis. The results indicate that proteasome-mediated degradation of c-Fos is an early, Bcl-2-regulated step in apoptosis induction by thapsigargin and dexamethasone. These findings suggest that c-Fos may have a protective action that is eliminated by proteasome-mediated degradation and preserved by Bcl-2.
doi:10.1074/jbc.273.39.25015 pmid:9737957 fatcat:4kyzdz4ivze7rjv57zq5qpg5nq