Serum Vitamin D Levels Among Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Nigeria: Preliminary Findings

C.B. Oko, P.O. Anaja, R.A. Nwaelugo, P.A. Okafor
2022 Sokoto Journal of Medical Laboratory Science  
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (type2 DM) has become a global health challenge. Nigeria is experiencing an upsurge in the prevalence of the disease and insulin resistance (IR) arising from obesity has been observed to be one of the causes. Vitamin D insufficiency has been implicated in IR and ultimately type 2 DM. The current study was aimed at evaluating serum vitamin D levels in type 2 DM in one of the fastest growing cities in Africa, Abuja, Nigeria. Eighty-eight (88) subjects were recruited for
more » ... e study. These were made up of 53 type 2 diabetic patients (23 Males; 30 Females) and 35 control subjects (13 Males; 22 Females). Serum vitamin D and other biochemical analytes were measured using standard laboratory techniques. The results showed significantly higher (p<0.05) mean blood glucose (8.7± 0.38 mmol/L) and glycated haemoglobin (HbAic) (6.5± 0.41%) levels in the diabetic patients than in the controls respectively (4.6 ± 0.08 mmol/L; 4.3 ± 0.11%). The mean serum vitamin D value (42.1 ± 5.0 ng/ml) was significantly lower (p<0.05) in the diabetic patients than in the controls (184.5 ± 13.1 ng/ml). The values were higher in males (47.5 ± experiencing an upsurge in the prevalence of the disease (Adeleke et al., 2010). Insulin resistance (IR) arising from obesity has been observed to be one of the causes (Grill et al., 2008). Vitamin D insufficiency has been implicated in IR (secretion and action) and ultimately type 2 DM (Pittas et al., 2007). The deficiency of Vitamin D too has been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular complication, one of the leading causes of morbidity in diabetic subjects (Suzuki et al.,2006; Abudewood et al., 2018). The current study was aimed at evaluating serum vitamin D levels in type 2 DM in one of the fastest growing cities in Africa, Abuja, Nigeria. This is to provide preliminary report on the status of Vitamin D in diabetic and non-diabetic Nigerians in Abuja as there is paucity of data in Northern Nigeria.
doi:10.4314/sokjmls.v7i1.4 fatcat:gb76oorgmfggrmxc5jx34zr3la