Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser: Its Conception and Evolution

Kenichi Iga
2008 Japanese Journal of Applied Physics  
Vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser technology applications with focus on sensors and three-dimensional imaging Karl Joachim Ebeling et al -This content was downloaded from IP address 207.241.231.83 on 27/07 The vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) is becoming a key device in high-speed optical local-area networks (LANs) and even wide-area networks (WANs). This device is also enabling ultraparallel data transfer in equipment and computer systems. In this paper, we will review its
more » ... e will review its physics and the progress of technology covering the spectral band from the infrared to the ultraviolet, by featuring materials, fabrication technology, and performances such as threshold, output power, polarization, modulation and reliability. Lastly, we will touch on its future prospects.
doi:10.1143/jjap.47.1 fatcat:37eebho23zdzxoeopjnj23tqci