Journal and patent literature

1910 Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry  
Vnl. S X I S . , Sn. 1S.J CL. 'I.-QENERAL PLANT ; MACHINERY. ___ -_ now p i n t r t l out to ~n o its n rcsiilt of his ohorviitiona in 1Iin.ciisc of two os~rlosions, tliiit tho sliirek trnnxniiltccl lo tlin i!iirtIi by nii usplusion, b wlricli I tlruw nttontion in iiiy nrtiuln. cnii Iru niiiiiinisud bycrcctirig n biiiltling over n piL or t h i H iliwript,itiii or xoiiiit xiniiltir Iii~llirw. 1 boliuvu that wliilo nt tho mino tliiin tlioy would givo fncilities.. for ciirrying piping, tluctrr.
more » ... piping, tluctrr. iiiitl ' tho liko undcrnentli tlin Iriiililiiig. Sincu I. fiwt clcrclo~wtl my views rrgariling tlio nction oi i.splosions on ni?iglilrniiring Iriiililiiigs. s~:v~r!iI cxplo- ' --p:,q tl .' c i Rinm Iinvn occurred wliicli hnrc lirorcd tho cnrrrci.iiras of iiiy npiiiion. In pnrt.iciilnr, iin oslrloxion in Niitnl cinrl iiiintliitr III C!niintln cniil~l Iinrtlly IIIL~*I? Iwrn Rn clc*st.riictivc lititl tho I~iiildinp becn tlcsigiiixl in Llin iiiiiiiiicr iiitliciitrtl nl)Irw. In ordw to tatnlilisli boyoiiil qctrstiatc my priority I I R ryiirtlx this idrii. 1 coiiHitlorctl i t iIrRiriilh to biko out n ~rtilcnt for it in tliir! c!oiiiiLry.* AH iilrciitly stated in 1WS. I c l t w n it, Iiowevcr, to bc? iiiy chiLnot only to piiblinh ~i r n~r n~i i l s of thix kind, which tire of tk! grcutest iniporlirnco for tho H l l f c t~ of esplosivcs fcrctorics, hit nlso to pcriiiit c~vcryl~otly to niiiku IIIW of t l i c i i i , fIco ( i f rill liconun ft!cs,wliicIi p~~riiiiwion I forniiilly give Iiurnwitli. *Kn. i u O i of loon (Seo t h i R J.. IUIO. 376). -Journal and Patent Literature. 032 CL I.-GENERAL PLANT ; MACHINERY. [AllR. 10. IUIU. nriling hdiim A. 31. Sclireuder, Assignor to t.lic hilndeIpIiin Y!extiIc h[nchinery CO., PIiiIntIcIpIiin, Pn. U.S. r u t . 902,8U5, Jnnc 25, 1910. mls h i i n is for n tlryrr tlirniigli wIiioIi'n currcnt. of nir is forced by n fnn nntl \vhicli is tlivitlcd into t.wo coinpnrt,riicnts Iiy n longitnilinnl partition. 'I'iic nintcrinl t o be tlrictl is pnsscd on n Iinntl itonvcyor throiigli one of tho cotnpnrbnicnts, tho ntlicr cornpiirt nicnt, svrving t n licnt t lin nir, Iicing for this pnrposc prnviili!tl \vit,Ii stcrini coils whic:li enter rind lenvc tlirotryli tlic top irt order riot. to interfcrc with tlic rcniornl of tlic upriglits nntl pnncls of the stiwn clinnilicr wlicii i t is ncrcssnry to osiiniinc or rcpnir tlic stcnni Iiipc-s.-\\'. €1. C! . Val. S S I S . , No. 16.1 CL. IIA.-FUEL ; GAS ; nIINERAL OILS 9G WAXES. $33 Ih-FUEL; GAS;, MINERAL OILS AND . WAXES. Jliwaiiin pelrole~~nz ; Occiirrcitce in -, of lrcml~ytlrocyi~rcnc c i d p -J i l~i I f~U~i K ? . 31. Ticlininsl;y. J. Itiiw. 1'Iiys.-AT \enst three clillcrent kinds of Hiiasiiin pctrolciiiii hnvc bccii foniicl to contuin (1) Iiosnl~ytlroey~nt:nc, boiIiny at ~J S " c. iuid Iinving tho kp. gr. 0.7027 nt 21," C. ; (2) 1)-~nentliirnc, Clolt20" !miling irt 173" C. nnd liirving tlic H I ' . gr. 0.5117 nt 21". Lliis o c c~~r r e~i c c of p-niontliiiiic is rcgnrtlctl by tlic niitlior 11s intlicating tlic rcyctnl~lc origin of tlic pctrolcuni.--Il'. If. 1' . A'ditrcil gux iiiio! ila prmlitcfiotr. A. Dnnne. Mct. ' I~E entire oiiLput of ntrtnrnl gus in tlic \\'csL Virginin oillieltls is cstiniiitetl t i t 1,:iOO,~,ooO cu. ft. !pr tluy. of ~vliicli t r l~~t r t :iOO,ooO,~ cii. It. nrc wiistcd. .I lie therniirl clliciency iiitiy nttain IIY mucli 11s 1134 B.T.U. pcr CII. ft., biit nftcr coin )ri*sJion of tlic ens it fiills to i t b o~i t !)OO B.'.L'.lJ, owing to t\ie deposition of ~iqiicfictl \iyclrocnr\)ona. 111 nclcli-Lion to tlic iipplicntion to power piirposcs, tlic ,gas is nlso uiiiployctI in ziiic s~ncltiiig. nnd iii tho niirniifiictilre of glnsa, hicks, licit tcry. clcctrotlcs, nntl Innipblireli. Jiitlging froin tlic fncts tliiit the prcscnco of oil nntl giis i H iicconipnniccl by tho prcsoncc of con1 irntl snlt wntcr, nntl tl~rrt tho presstire of tlic gas is nliiiost iiivuriubly irllectd by Hctisiiiic ilistiirbirnccs, the nutlior puts forwtrrd tho view t.liiil; tlicsu liyilrciciirl~o~is tire ycncrntetl froin 111it~11rii1 ciirbottnccoiis clc )osits, siicli 11s l~i t~~n~i n o n s niitl other coiil, 1 1 y t~i e niitiiriil fieiit of t~i u uiirt~i's interior broiig~iL iiito pr0siiiiit.y tii xticli cluliosits by scisniic clistiirbsiiccs, thi& tltcy nrc still Iicing gciit!rtrtctl iiiitlcr unoriiioux prear~rre, wliicli iiiiry I J~ trnns~nittctl iii ROIIIC cnws by Llio sbruiiiiis of wiitcr o\~crItiyiiig tliuiii, tint1 tlitib on the rclwiac of HOIIIO of the JJW~I.SII~U i111i1 cliitiigcu iii tliu to~npcrrrtiiru of tliu Iigtlri)ciirboi~s so ycncr~~t~ul, soiiio of their constitiiciits 11r0 clepositctl in tliu clip of tlic strirtti cuntl in the pockets Iiiiuwii IIH oil-beiiriiiy ~iiiols.--I I. 1-1. Foiiiulry coke ; Spccificri1ioir.v for -. I\loldv~rkc. Sce x'. Ikport 01 Iimlieclor of cdbrli icorh. S c c \'I I. ,934 CL. TIA.--FUEL; GAS ; MINERAL 011~5 '& \\'AXES. [Aiiu. 16, 1810. G'u~ prafuccry. 11. I>iiclinnoy, Q. B~i i~( l i i c t . nntl BI. Ihviciori, Pnriu. Eng. l'nt. 20,402, SqiL. 7, 1!)0!). 'I'JIE olniiii is for a coiiic~il rotciry grntu prwideci with ribs niitl nriiis wliicli wrvu, hi ciiiijiiiiiitioii with lixctl nrnis or ~~rnjcetioiis nttnclitul to tho wittor-srnlcil usli-pit, to ngitatu iiiitl cliwlinrgu tliu nslies frOiii tlio g(!iiwutor. t\ir in supplied to tho tiiqi.ru fis4 to tho nlios of tho cniiic:nl griitc tliroiigli n vurticn p i p , wliicli ~I L I I W U~ cciitrnlly tliroiigli tlic (~oiiiouI grntc, and is provitlcd with IL wirtcr lutu iiisiiliited by I L timi-conducting IuioItiiig.-\V. H. C. Crrn pralucer. SOC. nnoii., lIoiiill8rce do Bloiitruiiil~ort ot; do In BEnruclibro. Acltlitioii, h t c d April 5, 1009, to I+. Pnt. 402,040, Solit. 12, 1008. !I'm bimo of tlio protliicor d i p into n conlcnl trough filled with w t c r niid cnj~nblo of coiitiiiuoiiu rottrtioii. Tliu iiinur siirfnco of tho trougli forms n coiio w4iioli ir provided with n contrnl enp~icd tuybra nnd prnjcctiiig ribs niitl nriiid to stir II 1,110 COlltClitH of tliu I J~O~U C W . t\ f u u~ tlintribiitnr is cfniipctl coiiHintiiig or n *' MI *' trniipod Iiopl~ur contniiiiiig 11 fcrtliug pii!ltllu \rliucl rotntotl oii n liorieoiitnl spiiidlu by iiieniis of oxtoriinl iiicclinnisiii iii coiijiiiictioii \rit,li 11 tlulirory shoot wliicli turns on n vc:rtictil nsis iiiitl tlisclinrgcs tho fuul to thi. nitlun of tlio ~irllllucur.-,l. \ \ I. 1.1. oft8 pra7trccr wilh ngilnlor. ~i i t o~i o l i i i i i i i g~~i I i t t u , &lienvureiii fur Burgbnri 11, lliitti~iil~t~triub, L'r. I'iit. 411.703, Jtrii. 10; 1010. A I I O I~I Z O N T A I~ srctioii iii tliir iippor pnrt. of 1.ho Iiroiliicor in riitututl by \vitriii triitl w l i i~c + l gwiiig. \ \ ' i t h i * ~i i i i l i~ IID.-DESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION ; , * HEATING : LIGHTING. Slouep, kilnu, ouetrs, ?iiufl/en, or dlier platit iiactl /or drying wioitlh i i d /or dhcr Itartkig prtrpoam ; I~riprormnrids in -. I;. A. Sninllwootl, l%irtni~igl~nni. Ihg. Itrt. 14,814, J i l I i O 21. 1!)09. lx clr ing-stova nnd ~iriiilnr plntit tho fluc~ nro covcrctl by r L r a irictory mnterinl ~iroviclctl wit11 oxtcrnal grooves to form giittere, wlticli nro clo.snl with tiictiil plntcs froin wltielt iltu ltcnt is riidint~ul.-J. \V. 11. Ilege?lerrrling fzlriiucm. A. C. Xclson nnd A. G. McKco. Fr. Pet. 4t1.474, Jan. 11,1910. Tills pntcnt rclnlrs to 11 systoin of constrttctiori wltcrcliy bricks of ordinnry conitnc~rainl pnttcriis (rectnngtilrir nntl conicril or tapering) nro tisccl instcnd of the ~iinro uspcnsivo spccinlly-tiioiiltlcd kintls usunlly ciiiployecl. 'llic rcgonorntor I cscribccl is of Llto rcrticnl, cylindricnl typo, corisisting of n central coniliiist~ion clinnibcr sirrroundcd by it wnll ~vlticli forms tliu outer casing of tho npl)nrntun. Projections, ncnr tho bnsc, from tho ititcrior of tho outer cnsing nncl from tho ostorior of tho conibustioti cltnmbcr, support 11 scrics of arcltw ripon wliicli n system of vcrticnl Iientiitg fliice is coustructcd, tlic nnnitlur spnco nround tho Lnse of tho coinbustion clinmbor cotnmiinicnting ivit,It tlio irtmosphuru by means of o~icnittgs in tliu oritcr \vnll. Cotninutiication bct\vcun tho coinbtistion clininbcr untl tho cstcrior of tho nppnrutus is nffortled by two rnrlinllydisposctl cliiliitiols pnsving tlirougli tho nnnulnr spiicu tit the bnw. In tho coi~st~ruotion (dotuils of which ure RhO\Vli in tltu t\vclvo rlrn~vingn ncconi niiying tho' spccificiitiori) tlio briclts nru dispomi nltcmatefy pnriillul wid purpidiuti-Itir to a vort.icn1 p11rtio passing tltroitgli tliu axis of tho rurlllt~~.-\v. 12. F. 1 ' . Pitnutce~ ; Iiriproumiientn i7r Iientittg ntttl~nelliny -. \V. N. Jjulrt, Uiooklyu, Now York, nnd J. 11. 13ust nntl N. l%eHt, Qiiiticy, Illiiiuis, U.S.A. Etig. Pnt. 10,240, Jiily IS, IIWh 11 s*rmnr or aoni~tro~~cd iiir-jot btirricr sitpplic!~ nit unifoivri rltcx!L of liqtiitl, gtiHcotw iir Iiiilwriwrd fitel l o IL COIIIIIIIS~~OII I clinnibcr wliicli g r n t~u a~y wiilcns to n lienting ohnrnkr. ' Iniinctlintcly i~ntlcrncntli thc Iiurncr n bhst of nir for coni1)ustion is tlclivcrccl. 'h Iicnting cliniiiber is cllipticnl in vcrticnl section to tlcflcct thc finnic on to the niatcrids to Iic trcntecl. Siiitn1)lc nprnings, doors nnd vrntsnre:nIRo provitletl.--J. 11' . If. Cr11ct7de /ZI~IIUCM. R. Rickworth, Wittcn-Riilrr, Ccrmnng. Unilcr Int. Coiiv., Jlnr. 16, A \ OAS-FITOXD cri~cililc fiirnncc is proviclctl with nn intcrnnl constriction, in the forni of nn nnrii~lnr ring iliviiliiig the . fitrnnco into nn i t p~~c r and lower clinnibcr. ' l h lowcr portion of the criicible is directly Iientcd by tlic gns, wliilc tho iqipcr portion is inore slowly licntctl by tho gnqcs pnwing 1111 l~ctwc~cn tlic crticililc nnd tho riny.-l?. l?. Rny. l'nt. 5709, Nnr. 7, 1910. 19W. Inmttrlc.wetc~ clwtric h i p filtrine)th ; Procesn of itiriking -. \V. C . Clnrk. Xccw York, t\.yqigtior to Piirkor-C!lnrl; Elrctric Co., Jeixcy City, X.J. U.S. l'nt. 903,745. Jiily 12, 1910. SEE Pr. Pnt. 870,412 of 1W7 ; this J., 1907, IM2.-3.'. F. 13. Filrtnictit,p ; .4p/xirdics for the coiiti,iiiioihv itwtciifciclicre of -. C. 3licliniitl nntl I<. DeIn.~on, 3lontrciti1, Prnlicc. U.S. Piit. 90,910, June 28, 1910. SEE Pr. l'nt. 378,005 of 1907 ; this J., 1907. 1 l:!l.-'l'. 1' . .l3. Sirrs h g . Pnt. 18,488 nf I!Hl(i ; this .I., 1!)07, l042.-'1'. I?. 1%. 111.-TAR AND TAR PRODUCTS. Rentoving far from cord gmca. E. Solvny, BriiPscls, 13clgiuni. U.S. Pnt. 9(i3,401, Jiily 5, 1910. COAL-TAR pitch, prcfcrnlily tlic so-rnllrtl linrcl pitch, is nirltcd with froni I; to 3 1 por cunt. of tho solid constituents of the Iiiglicr-lmiliiip conl-trir oils, for csnniple tho renit1tit.n left in tlic pitrificntinn of f,Iiu criitlc nntlirncctie.-t\. S. Aidhr~qubocre ; Proemu for prcpnring a reduelion prorlacl of -. ICinzlbcrgcr i d Co. Gcr. l'nt. 223,209, Nor. 21, lW8. WIIES nntlirnqiiinonc is treritrd with tilknlinc rctliiring nycnts (ycllow niiinroniiiin sulpliitle csccptcd) nt. t r i i i l w ntiircx over 100° C., it ir converted for the grcntcr peirL iiito ilinnthrniiol, C281i'180z, wliicli Iinn pri:viotinl.v I)IWI 011tninctl, i n eninll ninoi~ntr. by the cictioii o f nlcoliolic potnnli nii tlinntlironc. wliicli is obtninccl frtiiii nntlrrnnol (Dinirtitli, lkr., 101, 223).-31. F. 13. Vol. SSIS., so. 15.1 CL. JV.-COLOURING MAT'PEItS &' DYES. 935 riitroso.conipniint1l is obtriiriccl in tho f∋ of nn ulkiili snlt, wliidi is clecompnscil by ncids giving tlic frcc nitroso clcrivntivc. !l)liis is 11 yellow crystnllinc Hiihsttiiicu, of III. it. 195' C! . It. is rcnilily conrertctl into tlic corrw-Iwniling iiiiiiiio-coinpoiiiiil by rct~iictinn.-'~'. V. 14. IXiihcri!/kire rlioxicle ; 1'roerm for iirrpiiri71g -. Piirl~cn~ fnbr. vnriir. F. Bnycr iind Co. Ccr. Pat. 223,307, Jlny 26, 1909. I~I V I E W Y~. B S E tliositlc, of ni. lit. IISo-l IO'C., is obtninctl by licntiiig the aikiili siilts of o-clilornphcnol cithcr nloirc nr i n soliitioii. 1)ry o-cliloro~il~ciitil-~~tnaxilrlll, obtiiinc~il Iiy crnpcirntiiig n snliition of 26li purts of o-cliloroplienol iii 232 l n r b of cniatic potrisli roliit ion contniiiiiig 49.8 peer ciwt. of hgdrosidc. is lieiitccl in nii iron retort to 220' C. ; u'licii tho IircHniirc is retliicctl to %-:i O iiiiii. tlir! tliplicnylcnc tlioxitla distils ovw rind coiiclci~scn, piirtly 11s II crystnlliiii* iiiiiw iiritl jinrtly i n Ioiig ncctllcs. It niny bi. p;irilicd 115' wsxliiiig with hot,. 5 p r cciit. ciiiistic tiodri soliitioii niitl wnter. 'l'lic gicltl nillourits to iiboiit 74 1ii.r ccnl. of thcory.-T. .F. U. ~1lc~n-ciiiiirrobot:iililr~i~ilc ; I'rotZiicirr!l acrlk v /berriiler; I?. A. l h m i Xiirlmifnbr. vorrn. P. Ihiger Ihg. l'nt. 22,398, Oct. 1. SEX Yr. Put. 408,184 of 1IMJI) ; this * J . , 1910. 55!!.-' 1' . P. 13. llrc niili~rlro.coiii~~vicntl v/ or~ho-c~aritivbn~:ctltlclr~d~~. X'cuton, I.oiirlori. iiiitl Co., Elbcrfi-ltl, Ccriniiriy. 1 DO9. 1V.-COLOURING MATTERS AND DYES Irrtliyo-blue tr,id Iiid;yv-rctl ; Dccoiitpwi/ioii Iy ct1l;trli.u o/ -. 1 ' . I+ictll;iiidcr nntl E. Scliycnk. h r . , 1910, YIIE nutliont Iiiivc rcliivitctl IGt zsclic's fileion of iiitligu with ptnwiiiiii Iigclrosicle iiiiil Iintl tlint I~rilmclic's " clirysnnilic acid " wliiuli cnii IJU olitiiiiiid by noitlifyiiig tlic protliictx of the frisiuii is coiiililotrlg xclinmtcil by this rcnctioii oiily after u few nccciritls' tiiiic iiltlioiigli it is pructicnlly iiinululilc iii water. \\'heir Iiowcvur tliu soliitiuii of tliu ~irntliicts is xtirrccl vignrniisly iiih dilute hyilrochluric iicid, wvcrctl with ir Inycr of otlier, nirtliriiiiilic ncid is foiiiid iii tlic iicitl liciiiitl u i i d iiitlos\~l-~-iiltlcli~cle-43, 1971--1975. 'I'lic tlccornpositioii of tlic lnttcr i H tlicrcforc rcpcuseiilurl tlllls :-C(OH) C02H.C,H,.N :CJI.C< \Xll. C,H, -/ 4 . c. c Coloitriir~ irinllcri : Achorp!ioii o/ ccrltriir -. L. \Tignuti. 'I'IIE nirtlior Iins iiivc~tigiitciI tlw idsorption nt tlic ortlinnry tcuipcrirtiiro of clyr~tiitfs of 1;iro~vn cliciiiicnl constitiitioii by iisbcstos librr-s (in filunicnts of (i-7 ~n n i . ) untl Illionu river siiiitI. GInw tiibrs of 1 cni. iiitc!riinl cliiiiiietcr; :I5 ciii. long mi1 trrluring nt the lo\vor ciitl \vcrc* ust!tl, tlic lo\ver ciitl l~cing pliiggtd with 11 siiiall paper cone. 'I'lic tiilws \vcrc lillorl to 11 hright nf 20 CIII. with ii~bestos (2 grins.) or sniitl (25 grins.), n i i t l the dyestiiff solutioils ( I grin. per litrc) were riin iii froiii biircttcs. After itbout 2 inin. the liqiiids licgnii to flow friiin the tiib~s, tlid npln.nrniicc of ciicli wan r i o t i d niitl tlic ntltlitioii of tlycstiitf solution to tlic t,iilmq contiiiiicd iiiit.il tlii? liqiiitl Ilowing iiwny, w i s xiiflicicntly coloirrctl to ntliiiit of coloriiiiet ric coiiipnrixoii with tho origiiinl soliltion. 'Illic resii1t.s olitniiictl. rnricd with tlic tliirution nntl tciiilurnliirc of coiitnct, ngo of tlic soliitioiis, presence of trnccn of nciil or biisic riinttcr, irrc*giiliir scttliiig of tlio udeorbing mntcrial, c.tc. 'l'lic tlyrstiitis nrc! tli\~itlctl inti, tlircu g.roiqis. (A). I)ifliisibl~ iind not. iitl~iirliulilc t-iiloiirs : picrir ucitl, Naplithol Yrllow, Nnplitliol Ydlnw S, Mngciitn S, Iiitli~~o Cnrmiiic. (IS). l)iEiiriblc ailti iii~scirbirlilu co~uum : i3rwgu LI., r\InIncliito Croon, ;\lngi!ntn, Crystul Violut, Nctliyl \Tiolot, Ithodnminc, I*:o~iiic, Mot Iiylciii? Blua. Siifriiniiru C: . (C). .\ilsorbublc iiiitl iiot iliffiisililc tlyc*stlilTs : Congo Ilctl, I)iaininc lllnck lltf, 1)iniiiinc IUuo 3R, St,. Doiiin Red. Dininiiio Green, Dijilicnylnniiiio I3liic, Alkidi 13liie 3U nnil 613. So coiistnnt rihtioii Ixhvccii tlrc ililfiitjing nntl nilsnrbiiig i o w r w i s fniiiirl. Only tlic tlywtiilh 'of grniip A iiro rt!& c\iwiIvutl. ~~i u co~niim or group 13, nftcr ntluor~ition, wcro iii colloitlnl solittioii. 'I'ho ntlsnrlJiiig ptiwcr o f iiiert siilidtiiiiecs with iiqiiciius soli~tiu~is of the cil~orc tlyes is iiicr~ly n pnrtioiilar plinsc ( i f iiiolociilnr . . nttruc-. . Coiiiptcs r~i t l . , 1910, 151, 72-75. the tlccoiiiliusiliciii of tlic indigo by tliu uctiuii of iIlliu1iti is tlicrcfoie riqircsciitcd 11s follows :-936 CL. IV.--COLODRINU MAlTJ3H9 & DYES. [Aug. 16, 1010. yullow dyciiigs, faat to wusliiiig, llglit, und osidkiiig iigoiila, niid suitnblo lor uw'iii coniicctioii with indigo or siiiiilnr osidisnblo dycstulh ns dizcliiirgo coloiim.-l'. F. 11. Dyeduffs of fhe anlhruquinuw aeries ; Jfanu/ndurc of -. Piirbwcrkc vorm. Mointcr, Lucius, uric1 13riiniiig. R m t Addition, dated Oct. 30. 1W9, to E'r. Pnt. 410,842 of Oct. 27, lW9. I'm dyestuffs dcncribcd in tlic cliid pntcnt (this J., lOt0, 760) m y bo'convertcd into wits for tlic piir m c of dycing :oLtoii by trcntincnt with nlknliiio liy~lrosi~pliito. !l'liuy' iiui iilxo bc uxrrd for printing. 'Ilhc shndu producd or0 ycdw to brown.4. C. c. Dibrottioi.~utilin ; Jftctru/rtclurc of -. G. \V. Joli~isoii, Bruin Kiillu iiii(l Co., Ilicbricli-on-Llio-l~liiil~, ~) l l % i l O > l~i~A~C l N ia propnrd by tliu iictiuii of broiiiino, or IL ~iiI~~tiiiico yioldiiiq brotniiic. 011 inntin in tliu prcuuiicu of rulpliurio ncid, with or witlioiit tlic iixo of LL carrier for tliu brciriiiiic. Exnniplc : A iiiisturo of 14.7 kilos. of. isiiliii iiiitl 160 liilcm of siilphiiric iicitl iy stirred lor 24 l i u i i i~ \villi 32 kilos. of broiiiiiia iiiitl then hc:ttctl rlowly Lo 40' U., iiiiiiiitiiiiiud iit this p'iiit for sioiiic Liiiio iiiid iiftcr\iwtls liciikd ~I J 8 0 ' C. After crioliiip tho IIIIIR~ is niiiiccl on icu, liitoruti, WiiHliLu~ i r i i i~ iirictl. ~i u cmiiipu yellow' tlibronioisiitiii cibtninud iiiullcc tit 248°-2W!o U.-J. C. U. Luiidoii. Gcriiiiiiiy. Eng. Pot. 8239, April 5, 1910. V.-FIBRES ; TEXTILES ; CELLULOSE ; PAPER. ~\'i/rocellduse urlifikirrl ailk ; Sulpltrcric uaiil cutiluiid irr -. P. I-looriniiiiii. AliLt. ligl. MnLuriulIirflfuii~snIiit., A!ILI;Y or uhulk.liko q i u b \vuro foiiiitl to tluvulop iii u con-elgi\uiuut of uiLruccllulosu iirtiUcinl nilk. Tliu spotti Inlo, 28, 227-228. 040 CL. 'V.--PlSIIES; 'I'EXTJLES; CELLUJ,OSE; 1'Al'EH. [AIIg. 16, 1810. -. ---___. -_ grricliinlly incrcnsccl' until. the wholo skein wiis rithckccl, the fibro bccioniing brittle nntl wortlilcss 'Yhc iiqiicoiis oslrnct of the. clnmngecl pnrk wns strongly ncitl, nntl gnvo n prccipit,ntc of bnriiini siilpliiito cqiiivnleiit to 1.O:I i)cr ccnt. of siilpliuric iinliytlritlo. The iintlnningctl Irnrtx (nlso n siiniljlc of the siiino Nilk nut' tlcnitnitctl) gnw 1111 tiqiicous cxtrnct wliicli ivns iiciitriil m t l tiid not givn prccipiliita of 1)nriiiiii siilplintc., Iriit xiilpliiiric ncitl \ v w . fc~1111t1 nftcr hc:it.in?: tlit! silk with enustic sotln. . Tlic iinclninnpctl Imrlion hci~tetl i n nn nir-bath to 1 20°-13(y C., qiiickly bccniiic cicid iind oii longer hentiiig a t 1?5'-I:KJ ('., 1riirt,ly cnrlionisctl. \\'cll-irindc nitrocclliilosc iirt,iliciiil silk ::lio\vctl no Lriicc of ciirlJonising whcii Iieot.ctl to 1:W -140' C., nntl tlit: iiqiieoiis cst,rcict sliowctl iio trncc of mIIrIiiiric iicitl ; only n triice of t,lic ncitl \vi~s rlctcctctl nftcr liciiting with caiistic sodii. 'Vlic troiil)la is tlicrcforo iiwrilrcd to the prcscnce in tho raw nitrc~clliilorre of siilpliiiric iicitl, prtibnbly csisting 3~ n cclliiloso wllrliiiric cdcr, wliicli WIH not rciiiovctl nn tlcnitriiting niitl which clcconipooctl grntliiiilly on Iiecping tho silk, lilicrnting siilpliuric acid. E'iciirlioit o/ ~~i c / I i t i i r c in orgmic li/c. [Fcriiicti/tiliot~ 01 Siilingcn. -A. Slll,ll. ccllithe trircl of ccilciuiii euUa o/ / d f y ticida.] 4scc XX1\'. 1',\TICSTS. I'c!~c/tiblc librcx ; P r o e m of trcutiirg b r i t h -. E. C. Stiirk, Cliciiinitz, Ccrniiiiiy. U.S. Pnt. 902,173, Jiine 21, 1010. BILIT~'LE vcgctiible fihrcs, siicli IIH kiipok, uIioIie, Culdropiu proceru, otc., arc prelriircd for d niicl spiniiirig by trwtincnt yitli orgiiiiic solvents, tK2Lisliing nnd clryiiig at II iiiodcrnto tempcratiirc. Tlic trcntnient results iii tlic cxtrnction of incriisting substances nntl is curried oiit by nicans of a wcnk iilkiiliiie soliition of Turkey red oil or scitipy liquors or suds or tiitinins a t ii suitnl)lc tcmpcrntiirc. 'I'lic trciitcd fibres nrc spin by Rpcoinlly coiistnicted 1niicliiiies.4. F. B. Drying aired I L U T~~Y ; Nuclriiie /or -. G . Alnsiircl, ltoubaix. Eng. l'nt. 20,301, Scpt. 6, 1000. Under lnt,. Cow., Nor. 20, 1008. A COIL of stcnm pipcs i H nrrnngcd roiind tlic pcriplicry of 11 fisctl t h i n , iintl encircling tlicsc, but nut in coiitiict with tliciir, is ii sliglitly krgcr clriinr freely rotiitiible irpon its asis niid cnrrying sniall trnnsvcrsc projections iipon wliicli the witrlr is supported. The wliulc niiicliinc is siuroiindctl by ii Iiollow cnsiiig throiigli which the hot, gnsu pnss [is they lciivu tlic nincliinc. 'J'lic sixcd wirlrs, upon entering itt tho I)ottuiii of tlic ciising, piiss nbovc ii row of liorizontiil s,teiiiii pipes, iiiid iirc giiitlctl on to tlic rcvolvtiblc tlruni IJJ' liolluw rollers, itisitlo which fiiiis nrc placed to ciiiiso 11s tliuroiigli ii prcliniinnry drying its pussiblc. 'I.'liu riir iiisitle tho iiiiicliinc is circiiliitcd by suit itlily iirriiiigctl fiins, illit1 tho tlriccl \viiqrs iirc ilriiwii olf tho revolving t l r u~~i over guide roIlcrs.-F. AI. .Cdlor~ pirira or dlicr aitiiilur cirliclw uiitl jirwliirlu prclxirctl tlicre/roiib ; l'roccm /or Iretiliiir~ -. A1. 31iirni. l'r. Piit. 411,707, Jun. I!), 1910. U i i d c r lut. Coiiv., Yob. 20, 1!)09. Tiiis yiirii is trciitctl with ii tiuliititm of " 1it11111y1ikii " (it siibatitncu siiiiiliir to titiircli), in wiitcr or ii iriixtiiro of wiitcr ciiitl iilctrliol, glyccriii being iitltlctl to the sollit ion. Il'liu ~iiiitcriiil is thoii ciircfirlly ~i 1 1 1 I~~t l until iill projectiiig 1il)rcs tjtrctolictl yiirii is tlicii 1111111ertict1 for 20-:IQ iniiiiitcs iii ii strong solutioii of sotliiiiii IiytIruxitIu iuitl is iiftcrwiirtls \viisliccl, iiciitriilisctl with \\.ctiIi iicitl rind \viishctl iigniii. Tliu inntcriiil tlius lrculetl Iiiis II liigli lustre.-1'. Y. C. I+r~ier cwiliii!/ coitl niziiig cuiiipuai/iuib tiiitl prwcas. 011 tillrfllcc of tho ylrrll llrlvo cli8ilJlpcrlrctl. ! r h 11. \I, J~i i i i l i i i i i i , Ihiinbritlyc, N.Y., Assijiiinr to Ciisciii c'u. of hiiicricii, N.J. 'riiis coinpusitiori clitiiiictl ia ~iiiitlu I J~ inixing I i~J l l I l~ 75 IIWIH 'iif gliitcii,'iiiotlilit!tl by acitliiliitiiig iuitl iiftcrwirtIs iiciitriilisiiiji it, in 11 tlrictl iiritl liiielv clivitlctl state, with. iibtiiiL 7B p r l a of ii tlrictl iitlliesivc, iilso in ii strite of liiiu ilivisiuii, U.b. Piit. tJti2,4!J8, Julio 28, 1910. --Ye Souh'. --______ Paper [Sa/cl!/] ; Noisri/ciditre of -. J. Gornncrt, A SABETY pnpcr whicli cniinot be coiinlcrfcitctl is nincle by nrrnngiiig inner pnttcrns I)etwcc~~ t~v o still Iiiilf-iiitrist lnycrs of piipcr 1riiIp, 1 . 1 1~ pnttcrns bciiig coinposctl of tliin coloiirctl or iincoloiiretl nintcrinls i n t.lic form of biintls wliicli cnii be cut, stiinipctl or pcrforiitctl in nn overrcciirriiig pnttcrn iintl printed, if clesircd, on one or I)otli siclcs. !l'lic inner nintcriiil niny consist of nictiil foil, gclntin ur collotliuii filins or p n p r bnnds. 'I'lic three lnnt inny bc iisctl in sonic ciises iis vcliiciilnr rniitcrinls for tlic nictnl foil. Tlic bnritlx of inner nintcriril w e fed upon the \veb of pnpcr pidp nntl ii second layer of pulp ia tlicii Iiuiirctl o i i , t,lic iiiiier I~i i i i t l~ hcing Iixctl by the felting of the fibres wlicn tlic wholc is siibjcctcd to Irrcsiirc. Paper r i i d cnrtlbotrrtl ; dlerilii/ridure [.Giiy] o/ -. Eng. Piit. 85,771, Nov. 8, UBYIZEI) or piirtinlly sizccl pnpcr is trcntctl in the form of sliects or webs with n soliition of n wiitcrprouling siil)st,iiiicc iind i R then pressed bctwcpn hot rollers or otlicrwisc Iientcd nntl finislieti. SiritnlJlc aolirtiuns nrc prepred frorn piiriiflin, ccresin, orolicrite or other liy~lroc~irl~un, fiit, oil or wns clissolrctl in n voliitilc solvent, c.g. IJCIIZCIW, the solvent being rccovcrctl tliiring tlic process of lienting tlic piipcr. 'l'lic trmt niciit is not intcntlctl to protliice i i wntcr-repellent pnpcr, I)uL incrcly iis ii siibnt.itiitc for tlw ordinnry #king proccss.4. E. B. Cttrbonined /ulric ; illrllrod o/ iiriikiiiy -. B. I,. Jlortoii, A CAIWOSISEI) asbestos fabric is prcj)iirctl by siitiiriitiiig -J. Y. u. Brussels. Eng. Pnt.
doi:10.1002/jctb.5000291509 fatcat:heypg3bsz5a7hgtnjq7rn72n6m