Capturing domain knowledge from multiple sources: the rare bone disorders use case

Tudor Groza, Tania Tudorache, Peter N Robinson, Andreas Zankl
2015 Journal of Biomedical Semantics  
Lately, ontologies have become a fundamental building block in the process of formalising and storing complex biomedical information. The community-driven ontology curation process, however, ignores the possibility of multiple communities building, in parallel, conceptualisations of the same domain, and thus providing slightly different perspectives on the same knowledge. The individual nature of this effort leads to the need of a mechanism to enable us to create an overarching and
more » ... overview of the different perspectives on the domain knowledge. Results: We introduce an approach that enables the loose integration of knowledge emerging from diverse sources under a single coherent interoperable resource. To accurately track the original knowledge statements, we record the provenance at very granular levels. We exemplify the approach in the rare bone disorders domain by proposing the Rare Bone Disorders Ontology (RBDO). Using RBDO, researchers are able to answer queries, such as: "What phenotypes describe a particular disorder and are common to all sources?" or to understand similarities between disorders based on divergent groupings (classifications) provided by the underlying sources. Availability: RBDO is available at http://purl.org/skeletome/rbdo. In order to support lightweight query and integration, the knowledge captured by RBDO has also been made available as a SPARQL Endpoint at http://bio-lark. org/se_skeldys.html.
doi:10.1186/s13326-015-0008-2 pmid:25926964 pmcid:PMC4414390 fatcat:pkfol7iopjbqfiydyb7kikrdqa