The Emergence of Time in Latin Literature

Patrice F Dassonville
2018 Peer Reviewed Journal of Forensic & Genetic Sciences  
Romans, and observing the gradual enrichment of its meaning. In Plautus (254-184) duro means be patient. In varro morax means which delays; annus means year and temporalis means which designates time. In Cicero (106-41) we find anno for each year; ad annum for within a year; ad extremum tempus diei for until the last moment of the day; ad hoc tempus for at this moment; cras for tomorrow; ex eo tempore for from that moment on; in reliquum tempus means for the remaining time; longiquitas for
more » ... ongiquitas for duration and long period; longo post tempore for long after; parva mora for short notice; per idem tempus for at the same time; tempestas for weather, season, time; tempori for right on time; tempus anni for season; tempus est for it is time; temporalis for temporary. In Caesar (101-44) in singula dieu tempora means for each moment of the day; nocturna tempora means night time; annum for one year; pro tempore means depending on time; spatium means duration. Lucretius (c.96-55) mentions the revolutions of the sun (Song V, 931), time which rolls out (Song V, 1276) [7], and we find durabilis for lasting; duro for to last; in parvo post tempore for shortley afterwards; volventibus annis for the years roll out. Virgil (c.70-c.19) refers to volvenda dies: the rolling out of the days; he uses ex longo for since long ago; longaevus for old age; longo post tempore for long after; and annus for season. In Horace (65-8 BC) horae momento means a duration of one hour. Augustus (63 BC-14 AD) uses super for a while. In Titus Livius (c.59 BC-17 AD) we have locus for moment; longiquitas for long period; momentum for duration, moment; spatium tempus for space of time. For Seneca (c.4 BC-65) crastinum means the day after; ex tempore means day by day, out of time; temporalis means temporary. Statius (c.45-96) uses crastinus for forthcoming, futur. Tacitus (c.55-c.120) uses durabilis for lasting. In Pliny (61-c.114) we find in crastinum for until tomorrow; extendo for extend (a duration); inter moras for pending; longinquum for long time; luna for month; magnitudo for duration; per tempus for on time ; and stato tempore for at a fixed time. Tertulliannus (c.155-c.222) uses temporalitas for limited duration.
doi:10.32474/prjfgs.2018.02.000128 fatcat:22fwoo2vjbcnzf6miybyiopwqm