Participation of cAMP in the induction of the synthesis of glycerol for the osmoregulatory response in the salt-tolerant yeast Zygosaccharomyces rouxii

1993 Journal of General and Applied Microbiology  
The possible participation of cyclic AMP (cAMP) in osmoregulation during the initial stages of salt stress was examined in cells of a salttolerant yeast, Zygosaccharomyces rouxii. When the cells were exposed to a medium with 1 M NaCI, levels of cAMP reached a maximum within 10 min and then declined. The maximum level was about 4.6 times higher than the initial intracellular level, measured when the cells were inoculated into the medium. Adenylate cyclase (AC) activity, which catalyzes the
more » ... sis of cAMP from ATP, increased immediately after exposure of cells to medium with 1 M NaCI, reached a maximum of 4.43 pmol cAMP produced/min • mg protein at 15 min and then decreased. The activity of phosphodiesterase (PDE), which catalyzes the conversion of cAMP to 5'-AMP, increased slowly after salt stress and reached a maximum at 25 min. The increase in PDE activity resulted in a decrease in the cAMP content of cells. These observations indicate that the levels of cAMP during salt stress are controlled by the activation and inactivation of the two enzymes. When GTPyS was added at 1O,uM to medium with 1 M NaC1, AC activity increased to about 2.5 times that in the case of medium with 1 M NaCI but without GTPrS. This result suggests that AC activity may be regulated by a GTP-binding regulatory protein (G-protein) during salt stress. When 2-deoxy-D-glucose (DG), an inhibitor of AC, was added at 8 rnM to the medium with 1 M NaCI, synthesis of cAMP and AC activity were completely inhibited. Both the accumulation of glycerol and activation of the plasma membrane ATPase, induced by salt stress, were simultaneously inhibited in the presence of
doi:10.2323/jgam.39.493 fatcat:52iqan6ezjckplvmxtgtawv7oi