Clinical cross-over comparison of mid-dilution hemodiafiltration using a novel dialyzer concept and post-dilution hemodiafiltration

Detlef H. Krieter, Sven Falkenhain, Lotfi Chalabi, Gregory Collins, Horst-Dieter Lemke, Bernard Canaud
2005 Kidney International  
Clinical cross-over comparison of mid-dilution hemodiafiltration using a novel dialyzer concept and post-dilution hemodiafiltration. Background. Several studies have indicated that the improved elimination of middle molecules by convective renal replacement procedures might be associated with a better outcome in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). On-line middilution hemodiafiltration (HDF) with the Nephros OLpūr TM MD 190 hemodiafilter represents a novel extracorporeal renal replacement therapy
more » ... cept to increase the removal of middle molecules. Methods. In a prospective cross-over study in 10 ESRD patients, this technique was compared to on-line post-dilution HDF with a conventional synthetic high-flux dialyzer, operated at its technical limit, concerning small and middle molecular solute removal. Each patient was treated 3 times for 4.0 ± 0.4 hours with both filters. Blood flow was 400 mL/min, substitution flow (Q S ) during mid-dilution HDF 200 mL/min, and during postdilution HDF 100 mL/min, and effective dialysate flow of 700 -Q S mL/min. Instantaneous clearances, reduction ratios (RR), and middle molecule mass transfer in continuously collected dialysate were determined. Results. While urea and creatinine clearances were significantly lower (6.4% and 3.9%, respectively), middle molecule removal was much more efficient in mid-dilution HDF over the whole range of investigated proteins: compared to postdilution HDF, b 2 -microglobulin (11.8 kD) clearance (165.8 ± 26.59 vs. 201.9 ± 20.63 mL/min; P < 0.001), RR (80.0 ± 5.4% vs. 82.2 ± 5.7%; P < 0.001), and dialysate mass transfer (53% higher; P < 0.001) were significantly higher. For the larger middle molecules, cystatin C (13.4 kD) and retinol-binding protein (21.2 kD), mid-dilution HDF resulted in an even more superior performance, indicated by significantly higher values of all investigated parameters. Conclusion. On-line mid-dilution HDF with the Nephros OLpūr TM MD 190 hemodiafilter appears to be a true techno-C 2005 by the International Society of Nephrology logic step ahead in terms of improved middle molecule removal. This efficient procedure gives hope to play a role in preventing or at least retarding dialysis-related long-term complications, such as b 2 m amyloidosis, in ESRD patients, and may contribute to a more adequate dialysis therapy.
doi:10.1111/j.1523-1755.2005.00088.x pmid:15610261 fatcat:qhgcf7qhgbhmziijc4lsh2de2m