IoT-based Emergency Evacuation Systems [article]

Mahyar Tourchi Moghaddam
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Fires, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, overcrowding, or and even pandemic viruses endanger human lives. Hence, designing infrastructures to handle possible emergencies has become an ever-increasing need. The safe evacuation of occupants from the building takes precedence when dealing with the necessary mitigation and disaster risk management. This thesis deals with designing an IoT system to provide safe and quick evacuation suggestions. The IoT-based evacuation system provides optimal
more » ... on paths that can be continuously updated based on run-time sensory data, so evacuation guidelines can be adjusted according to visitors occupants that evolve over time. This thesis makes the following main contributions: i) Addressing an up to date state of the art class for IoT architectural styles and patterns; ii) Proposing a set of self-adaptive IoT patterns and assessing their specific quality attributes (fault-tolerance, energy consumption, and performance); iii) Designing an IoT infrastructure and testing its performance in both real-time and design-time applications; iv) Developing a network flow algorithm that facilitates minimizing the time necessary to evacuate people from a scene of a disaster; v) Modeling various social agents and their interactions during an emergency to improve the IoT system accordingly; vi) Evaluating the system by using empirical and real case studies.
arXiv:2005.13374v1 fatcat:oe4aawcej5csvflidcjawd6zca