Evaluating The Knowledge and Attitude of Community Pharmacists Toward Type II Diabetes in Lusaka, Zambia

MWALUNGALI GUNET*, BPharm
2016 Zenodo  
Background: - This study is hinged on the basis that in addition to knowledge updates, the attitudes of health care professionals toward current concepts about diabetes care are even more critical. The core philosophy of modern diabetes care puts emphasis on patient autonomy and optimal utilization of health care professionals' different specialties. This study was undertaken to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of community pharmacists toward diabetes care. Materials/Methods: - Eighty-four
more » ... ds: - Eighty-four conveniently selected community pharmacists were surveyed by the Diabetes Knowledge Test (DKT) and Diabetes Attitude Survey (DAS) questionnaires. The Diabetes Knowledge Test evaluated the pharmacists' diabetes knowledge based on a validated 23 item questionnaire, the Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test (MDKT). The Attitude Survey involved the Likert scale to determine the community pharmacist's perceptions about the seriousness of type II diabetes, psychological impact of the disease, patient autonomy, need for special training in diabetes and finally the value of tight glucose control in type II diabetes. Results: - The results showed the mean Diabetes Knowledge Test's overall score being 13.77/23(59.86%). General diabetes information score was 8.96/15(59.3%) and for Insulin Therapy-specific questions was 4.84/8(60.5%). The mean Attitude Survey's overall score on the Likert scale was 3.04. Amongst the subscales of the Attitude Survey, the score on the need for special training was the highest (3.28) and the score on the subscale for patient autonomy was the least (2.88). This in general showed an unacceptable level of knowledge and a bias of attitude towards neutral (neither positive nor negative). There was no association between knowledge and attitude of community pharmacists involved in the study. Some statistical difference was noted in respondents' levels of knowledge based on their differences in ethnicity (race), practice setting (other than co [...]
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4435561 fatcat:do7itadxpvg4hbnic2m6iycaru