A three-dimensional, anatomically detailed foot model: a foundation for a finite element simulation and means of quantifying foot-bone position

Daniel L A Camacho, William R Ledoux, Eric S Rohr, Bruce J Sangeorzan, Randal P Ching
Journal of rehabilitation research and development  
We generated an anatomically detailed, three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction of a human foot from 286 computerized topographic (CT) images. For each bone, 2-D cross-sectional data were obtained and aligned to form a stacked image model. We calculated the inertial matrix of each bone from the stacked image model and used it to determine the principal axes. Relative angles between the principal axes of the bones were employed to describe the shape of the foot, i.e., the relationships between the
more » ... onships between the bones of the foot. A 3-D surface model was generated from the stacked image models and a detailed 3-D mesh for each bone was created. Additionally, the representative geometry of the plantar soft tissue was obtained from the CT scans, while the geometries of the cartilage between bones were obtained from the 3-D surface bone models. This model served dual purposes: it formed the anatomical foundation for a future finite element model of the human foot and we used it to objectively quantify foot shape using the relationships between the principal axes of the foot bones.
pmid:12173760 fatcat:wia34pt67ncp7h5m53kebuqblu