Development of Expanded Steel Pipe Pile to Enhance Bearing Capacity
An expanded steel pipe pile increases the cross-sectional area of conventional micropile by expanding the steel pipe to exhibit a higher bearing capacity owing to increased frictional resistance. However, construction cases of the expanded steel pipe pile are insufficient due to the absence of equipment for expanding steel pipes inside the ground. In this study, hydraulic expansion equipment was developed to verify the reinforcing impact on the bearing capacity and field applicability of the
... anded steel pipe pile. A series of laboratory and test bed experiments was conducted to measure the expansion time and deformation of carbon steel pipes by using the developed equipment. The results of these experiments demonstrated that the developed equipment has sufficient ability and constructability to be used in the field for constructing expanded steel pipe piles. Then, field load tests were performed by constructing expanded and conventional steel pipe piles to confirm the improved bearing capacity of the expanded steel pipe pile compared to that of the conventional micropile. As a result, the expanded steel pipe pile exhibited a 20.88% increase in bearing capacity compared to that of the conventional steel pipe pile.