Perspectives towards antiviral drug discovery against Ebola virus

Muhammad Usman Mirza, Michiel Vanmeert, Amjad Ali, Kanzal Iman, Matheus Froeyen, Muhammad Idrees
2018 Journal of Medical Virology  
Ebola virus disease (EVD), caused by Ebola viruses, resulted in more than 11 500 deaths according to a recent 2018 WHO report. With mortality rates up to 90%, it is nowadays one of the most deadly infectious diseases. However, no Food and Drug Administration-approved Ebola drugs or vaccines are available yet with the mainstay of therapy being supportive care. The high fatality rate and absence of effective treatment or vaccination make Ebola virus a category-A biothreat pathogen. Fortunately, a
more » ... series of investigational countermeasures have been developed to control and prevent this global threat. This review summarizes the recent therapeutic advances and ongoing research progress from research and development to clinical trials in the development of small-molecule antiviral drugs, small-interference RNA molecules, phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomers, full-length monoclonal antibodies, and vaccines. Moreover, difficulties are highlighted in the search for effective countermeasures against EVD with additional focus on the interplay between available in silico prediction methods and their evidenced potential in antiviral drug discovery.
doi:10.1002/jmv.25357 pmid:30431654 pmcid:PMC7166701 fatcat:c7syd5rirvcplf3dyhcf7y6psq