No-Trick (Treat) Kernel Adaptive Filtering using Deterministic Features [article]

Kan Li, Jose C. Principe
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Kernel methods form a powerful, versatile, and theoretically-grounded unifying framework to solve nonlinear problems in signal processing and machine learning. The standard approach relies on the kernel trick to perform pairwise evaluations of a kernel function, which leads to scalability issues for large datasets due to its linear and superlinear growth with respect to the training data. A popular approach to tackle this problem, known as random Fourier features (RFFs), samples from a
more » ... ion to obtain the data-independent basis of a higher finite-dimensional feature space, where its dot product approximates the kernel function. Recently, deterministic, rather than random construction has been shown to outperform RFFs, by approximating the kernel in the frequency domain using Gaussian quadrature. In this paper, we view the dot product of these explicit mappings not as an approximation, but as an equivalent positive-definite kernel that induces a new finite-dimensional reproducing kernel Hilbert space (RKHS). This opens the door to no-trick (NT) online kernel adaptive filtering (KAF) that is scalable and robust. Random features are prone to large variances in performance, especially for smaller dimensions. Here, we focus on deterministic feature-map construction based on polynomial-exact solutions and show their superiority over random constructions. Without loss of generality, we apply this approach to classical adaptive filtering algorithms and validate the methodology to show that deterministic features are faster to generate and outperform state-of-the-art kernel methods based on random Fourier features.
arXiv:1912.04530v1 fatcat:p6qo5tv7sjfzfjkmqqmizu4g3q