Plant microbiomes and their benefit towards a more sustainable agriculture

Pieter van 't Hof, Stalin Sarango Flores, Pamela Chanco, Ecson Obando Hernandez, Viviane Cordovez da Cunha, Rodrigo Mendes, Antonio León-Reyes, Ben Oyserman, Víctor Carrión Bravo, Jos Raaijmakers
2020 Proceedings of MOL2NET 2019, International Conference on Multidisciplinary Sciences, 5th edition   unpublished
Ancient societies first attempted to domesticate wild plants for food production, which gave rise to presentday agriculture. Nowadays, more than a third of agricultural production is lost due to abiotic or biotic stress, such as drought, salinity, pests and diseases. Current predictions indicating an expanding world population until the end of the century, one of humanity's greatest challenges should be how to feeding the world in a sustainable way, as future increases in crop yields should be
more » ... chieved with fewer input of fertilizers and pesticides. These challenges have raised awareness of the importance of the plant root microbiome to improve agricultural and horticultural practices. Plant roots are colonized by a surprising number of microorganisms, revealing in most cases an intimate symbiotic relationship which facilitates nutrient uptake and provides the host plant with higher resistance against attackers. In this context, plants can be seen as "superorganisms" that depend on their root
doi:10.3390/mol2net-05-06779 fatcat:5v5tatsm25gt5o3fqewcqnxt7y