Biophysical and Biochemical Characterization of Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus

Kenneth P. Camyre, Charles J. Pfau
1968 Journal of Virology  
Biological, biochemical, and biophysical properties of three lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM) virus strains were compared. The biological property examined was the concentration range of virus which would, when injected into neonates, cause a carrier state. The dosage range for the CA1371 and Traub strains was found to be as broad as the limits examined (5 to 100 LDto units/mouse). The WCP strain, however, would only produce carriers within a 3 to 5 LDso range. The biochemical properties
more » ... ned were the growth rates in tissue culture and the effect of varying the input ratio of virus to cells. With identical input ratios, the Traub strain reached a peak titer 32 hr after infection. The CA1371 and WCP strain reached their peaks at the 40th hr. With a 10-fold decrease in the amount of CA1371 virus per cell, peak titer (as high as in the above experiments) was not obtained until 56 hr postinfection. The biophysical properties examined were stability in density gradients and inactivation rates at 4 C. In potassium tartrate gradients, full recovery of the CA1371 and WCP strain could be achieved. However, inactivation kinetics showed that only the CA1371 strain was much more stable than the Traub-LCM. The realization that marked differences in LCM strains exist is discussed in relation to certain inconsistencies in the literature. on May 9, 2020 by guest
doi:10.1128/jvi.2.3.161-166.1968 fatcat:vibtehyhnnbnpd2qkyrimfim2q