With No Lysine Kinase 1 Promotes Right Ventricular Dysfunction Via Glucotoxicity [article]

Sasha Z Prisco, Megan Eklund, Thenappan Thenappan, Kurt W Prins
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Objectives: Investigate how WNK1 inhibition modulates glucotoxicity, mitochondrial/peroxisomal protein regulation and metabolism, and right ventricular (RV) function in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Determine how hypochloremia impacts RV function in PAH patients. Background: In PAH-induced RV failure, GLUT1/GLUT4 expression is elevated, which increases glucose uptake and glycolytic flux to compensate for mitochondrial dysfunction. However, the resultant consequences of the
more » ... ted post-translational modifications (PTM), protein O-GlcNAcylation/glycation in RV failure are understudied. WNK1, a chloride-sensitive kinase, increases GLUT1/GLUT4 expression in skeletal muscle, but its regulation in RV dysfunction is unexplored. Methods: Rats were treated with WNK463 (small molecule WNK inhibitor) or vehicle starting two weeks after monocrotaline injection. Immunoblots quantified protein abundance/PTMs. Mitochondrial/peroxisomal proteomics and global metabolomics evaluated glucose metabolism and mitochondrial/peroxisomal function. Pulmonary vascular and cardiac histology, echocardiography, and pressure-volume loop analysis quantified RV function and PAH severity. Finally, the relationship between hypochloremia, a WNK1-activating state, and RV function was evaluated in 217 PAH patients. Results: WNK463 decreased WNK1/GLUT1/GLUT4 expression, normalized glucose metabolite levels, which dampened excess protein O-GlcNAcylation/glycation. Integration of RV mitochondrial/peroxisomal proteomics and metabolomics identified fatty acid oxidation (FAO) as the most dysregulated metabolic pathway. WNK463 enhanced FAO as demonstrated by increased expression of mitochondrial FAO proteins and normalization of RV acylcarnitines. WNK463 reduced glutaminolysis induction and lipotoxicity, two secondary consequences of diminished FAO. WNK463 augmented RV systolic and diastolic function independent of pulmonary vascular disease severity. In PAH patients, hypochloremia resulted in more severe RV dysfunction. Conclusions: WNK463 combated RV glucotoxicity and impaired FAO, which directly improved RV function.
doi:10.1101/2021.06.22.449476 fatcat:ssusseyeofgrbnzdqlnx4ejhlq