Hypertension Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control in an Adult Type 1 Diabetes Population and a Comparable General Population
OBJECTIVE -To compare the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in a population-representative sample of adults with type 1 diabetes and comparable nondiabetic control subjects. , the Coronary Artery Calcification in Type 1 Diabetes Study enrolled 1,416 individuals aged 19 -56 years with no known history of coronary artery disease: 652 type 1 diabetic patients (46% male, mean age 37 years) and 764 nondiabetic control subjects (50% male, mean age 39 years). Subjects were
... rs). Subjects were asked if they had been told by a physician that they had hypertension or were on a blood pressure medication. Blood pressure was measured using standardized Joint National Committee (JNC) protocol. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS RESULTS -Type 1 diabetic subjects, compared with nondiabetic subjects, had higher rates of hypertension prevalence (43 vs. 15%, P Ͻ 0.001), awareness (53 vs. 45%, P ϭ 0.11), treatment (87 vs. 47%, P Ͻ 0.001), and control (55 vs. 32%, P Ͻ 0.001) for the JNC 6 goal (130/85 mmHg). Only 42% of all type 1 diabetic hypertensive subjects met the new JNC 7 goal (130/80 mmHg). Type 1 diabetic subjects had better blood pressure control (72 vs. 32%, P Ͻ 0.0001), using 140/90 mmHg as a common measure. The majority of treated subjects were on a single antihypertensive agent (75 vs. 64%). CONCLUSIONS -Subjects with type 1 diabetes have higher rates of hypertension prevalence, treatment, and control than nondiabetic subjects. However, hypertension remains largely uncontrolled, even if treated in high-risk populations, such as type 1 diabetic subjects and undiagnosed individuals in the general population. Achieving more stringent blood pressure goals will require increased attention and may necessitate the use of multiple antihypertensive agents. A table elsewhere in this issue shows conventional and Système International (SI) units and conversion factors for many substances.