New quaternary pyridine aldoximes as casual antidotes against nerve agents intoxications

Kamil Kuca, Lucie Bartosova, Daniel Jun, Jiri Patocka, Jiri Cabal, Jiri Kassa, Gabriela Kunesova
2005 Biomedical Papers of the Faculty of Medicine of Palacky University  
In this work, the ability of four newly synthesized oximes -K005 (1,3-bis(2-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium) propane dibromide), K027 (1-(4-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium)-3-(4-carbamoylpyridinium) propane dibromide), K033 (1,4-bis(2-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium) butane dibromide) and K048 (1-(4-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium)-4-(4carbamoylpyridinium) butane dibromide) to reactivate acetylcholinesterase (AChE, EC inhibited by nerve agents is summarized. Reactivation potency of these compouds
more » ... as tested using standard in vitro reactivation test. Tabun, sarin, cyclosarin and VX agent were used as appropriate testing nerve agents. Rat brain AChE was used as a source of the enzyme. Efficacies of new reactivators to reactivate tabun-, sarin-, cyclosarin-and VX-inhibited AChE were compared with the currently used AChE reactivators (pralidoxime, obidoxime and HI-6). Oxime K048 seems to be promising reactivator of tabun-inhibited AChE. Its reactivation potency is significantly higher than that of HI-6 and pralidoxime and comparable with the potency of obidoxime. The best reactivator of sarin-inhibited AChE seems to be oxime HI-6. None of the new AChE reactivators reached comparable reactivation potency. The same results were obtained for cyclosarin-inhibited AChE. However, oxime K033 is also potent reactivator of AChE inhibited by this nerve agent. In the case of VX inhibition, obidoxime and new oximes K027 and K048 seem to be the best AChE reactivators. None from the currently tested AChE reactivators is able to reactivate AChE inhibited by all nerve agents used and, therefore, the search for new potential broad spectrum AChE reactivators is needed.
doi:10.5507/bp.2005.008 pmid:16170392 fatcat:xhqssk2qoveuhd5nz7qmjlj25m